Aiwatar da Intanet na abubuwa, ko IoT, yakamata a fara da warware ayyukan yau da kullun masu sauƙi, alal misali, ɗaukar karatun mita, lissafin yawan ruwa, da makamantan abubuwan da ke ɗaukar lokaci mai yawa ga masu gidaje da kamfanoni. waɗanda aka tilasta su kula da ma'aikatan crawlers waɗanda ke bincika shaidar da kyau, kuma wasu mutane suna shigar da su cikin bayanan. Rashin ma'ana na albarkatun ɗan adam, wannan lokacin zai iya kuma yakamata a yi amfani da shi tare da fa'ida mafi girma, tunda duk waɗannan hanyoyin za a iya sarrafa su ta atomatik, wannan ita ce hanya ɗaya da ya kamata ta kasance a cikin kyakkyawar duniya. Amma ci gaban irin wannan fasaha mai sauƙi da fahimta yana shiga cikin hanyar doka, bukatun kamfanonin tallace-tallace da suke so su sarrafa mita guda da kuma sayar da su, tun da waɗannan su ne tabbacin tallace-tallace da kuma kasuwa mai mahimmanci inda za ku iya samun. Kuma lamarin haka yake a duk kasashen duniya, kusan iri daya ne, kuma wannan kamanceceniya ce ta nuna irin matsalolin da muke fuskanta.A lokacin tafiya zuwa Kazan, an ba mu damar sauke ta Innopolis kuma mu ga abin da MegaFon ke yi a cikin yanki na gwaji, mafi daidai, a cikin wani ginin gida, wanda aka sanye da na'urori masu auna firikwensin, kuma an haɗa su da zauren gari. Yankin gwaji, wanda ke bincika duka yuwuwar fasaha da hulɗa tare da ayyukan birni.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Issues IoT a cikin Apartments - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "427" /> Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Prob

Yayin da Innopolis fatalwa ce ta abin da birni zai iya zama - jami'a, harabar jami'a, gine-ginen manyan kamfanoni da gine-ginen zama, a cikin duka, an ba da izini fiye da gidaje 700 a matakin farko, wanda matasan da ke aiki a nan. zaune, dalibai suna zaune a dakunan kwanan dalibai . Tun da aka halicci Innopolis a matsayin birni na katin waya, sabon matakin ilimi, sun yi ƙoƙari su gane iyakar yiwuwar a ciki. Apartments za a iya haya kawai, odnushka zai kudin 7 dubu rubles a wata, kopeck yanki - 10 dubu. Kowane Apartment riga yana da furniture, kayan aiki da duk abin da kuke bukata domin rayuwa. An tsara matakai biyar na gine-gine, kuma komai yana tafiya yadda aka tsara, birnin yana samun abubuwa da yawa, kasancewar matasa suna zaune yana ba shi wata fara'a ta musamman. Ya zuwa yanzu, akwai kawai game da 3,000 na dindindin mazauna, amma akwai yara da yawa (daga tattaunawa na gane cewa akwai fiye da 400 daga cikinsu, don haka ƙidaya haihuwa na matasa da kuma alamar ƙwararrun). Ina son Innopolis a matsayin gwaji, wani nau'in dandamali inda suke nazarin abin da zai iya faruwa idan da gangan suka haifar da yanayi don karatu da aiki. Matsakaicin albashi bayan kammala karatun a cikin birni shine kusan 60-70 dubu rubles don fannonin da suka shafi IT, a wasu yankuna ya ragu. A cikin Kazan makwabta, albashin kwararrun IT ya ragu sosai, sun ce, wannan shine 40-50 dubu rubles, amma duk ya dogara da wurin aiki da sauran maki.

Ana bukatar dalibai su yi aiki a birnin na tsawon shekara guda bayan kammala karatun, wanda ake gudanarwa cikin harshen Ingilishi. Akwai fargabar cewa galibin wadanda suka samu ilimi a nan za su samu aiki a wajen kasar cikin sauki da kuma makudan kudade. Amma zai kasance wata hanya ko wata, lokaci ne kawai zai nuna. Ba ni da kwakkwaran jin cewa Innopolis na iya yiwuwa ko, akasin haka, tabbas zai yi nasara. An saka kudi da yawa a ciki daga kasafin kuɗin Mercedes-Benz C250 2012 Black na matakai daban-daban, amma tunanin birnin kimiyya ya kasance. an gina shi a cikin fili mara kyau, kuma yawancin mazaunan sun tattara a zahiri daga tallace-tallace daga ko'ina cikin ƙasar. A cikin ƴan mutanen da na yi magana da su, kowa ya je Innopolis ta hanyar tallace-tallace, irin taron farko. Amma wannan lyrical digression ya zama dole domin ku fahimci mahallin - fanko tituna, 'yan motoci kadan, rabin tebur a cikin kawai pizzeria ba komai, farashin iri ɗaya ne kamar na Kazan, babu gasa. A kusa da kusurwa akwai babban kanti na Pyaterochka, akwai nau'ikan samfuran da aka saba da su, farashin daidai yake da babban birnin jamhuriyar.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Mun zo ziyarar wani saurayi da ke zaune a cikin wani yanki na kopeck tare da budurwarsa da kyanwa. A cikin bayan gida, akwai na'urori na yau da kullun a bayan ƙofar da aka lakafta, kuma an sanya na'urar firikwensin a gefe, ba zai yiwu a gan shi ba.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Wani abu kuma shi ne mun kalli wannan firikwensin daban, ga yadda yake.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "575" />

Ta fuskar fasaha, babu wani abu na musamman game da shi, na'urar firikwensin kanta ita ce sakandare, firamare yadda ake amfani da shi. Kamfanin da ke hidimar gidajen ba shi da sha'awar musamman cewa ban da ƙididdiga na yau da kullun akwai wasu nau'ikan firikwensin. Wannan shi ne wani yunƙuri na Innopolis City Hall, a cikin abin da muka sadu da Yulia Samodurova, ta ci gaba da wannan aikin. Aikin yana kama da wani nau'i na farawa, tun da yawancin mutane sun shiga ciki, wannan wani nau'i ne na nazarin yadda zai kasance. A wani gida akwai na'urori masu auna firikwensin da ke amfani da fasahar LoRa, wannan kuma yanki ne na gwaji (MegaFon ba shi da wata alaƙa da su). Amma ni, zaɓin rufaffiyar, fasahar LoRa ta mallakar ta fi ragi fiye da ƙari, amma wannan yanki ne na gwaji kawai kuma ba komai.

Domin na’urori masu auna firikwensin su kasance masu amfani, an rubuta musu software, wanda ke nuna abubuwan da suka faru daban-daban kuma suna ba ku damar tantance abubuwan da ke faruwa a ainihin lokacin. A lokacin gwaje-gwajen, an fahimci abin da ke da amfani da abin da ba a buƙata ba, hanyar da ake amfani da ita da kuma iyawarta ta canza.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "364" />

Ƙimar wannan yanki na gwaji daidai yake a cikin abu ɗaya - a cikin nazarin software da yadda ƙungiyar sabis ke tsayayya da ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan fasahohin, ba tare da son rai ba. Wani irin abin wasa, ba wani abu mai tsanani ba. Daga tambayoyin mutum ɗaya, na sami ra'ayi cewa Innopolis har yanzu ba shi da ci gaban abubuwan more rayuwa na birni a fagen IT - nau'in mai yin takalma ba tare da takalma ba. Sabis na tallafi na mazaunin 24/7 a cikin Telegram, daga can masu aiki huɗu sun riga sun aika buƙatun zuwa ayyukan da suka dace. Sanyi? Haka ne, ba da yawa ba, yana nuna cewa an yi aikin a gwiwa, sun dauki abin da yake. Sakamakon matakin da jami'ai suka dauka na toshe manzo, Innopolis kawai ya shigar da software wanda zai ba ku damar yin watsi da duk wannan hargitsi, kuma ku ci gaba da amfani da su, babu wani batun siyasa a nan, amma yana kama da bayanin siyasa na son rai. Babban aikin ga kwakwalwar matasa a cikin IT yana watsi da ayyukan rashin tunani na hukumomi, kuma yana yin hakan ba saboda wani buri na siyasa ba.

Amma wannan ba game da Telegram ba ne. Birnin kamar haka ba shi da cibiyar bayanan kansa, kyamarori masu tsaro suna rikodin duk abin da ke kan kafofin watsa labaru na gida, ba a haɗa su cikin tsarin ba, ana iya ci gaba da jerin "kananan abubuwa". Kuma gine-ginen da aka gina da kansu suna jin daɗi, amma a ciki suna kama da "bankuna" marasa tsada, waɗanda suke. Kasa mai gangarewa, elevator ne da ya haukace saboda an yi masa lodi, amma a hakikanin gaskiya kwakwalwarsa ta karkace. A taƙaice, wannan wani abin gani ne na masana'antarmu, wanda tsohon Ministan Sadarwa ya samo shi ba da gangan ba, wanda ya ƙaddamar da wannan aikin. A waje, komai yana da kyau sosai, ciki, matsalolin gaske sun fara fitowa. Ina da shakkun cewa Innopolis za ta zama dandalin da zai nuna wa kasar yadda ake gina garuruwa masu wayo. Babu wani abin da zai iya faruwa a wannan garin, kawai akwai gine-ginen da ba a iya samun su a wasu sassan kasar, wanda ke da azama.

Matsala mai mahimmanci a Rasha a cikin aiwatar da mita masu wayo shine ikon mallakar ƙungiyoyin tallace-tallace waɗanda ke sarrafa waɗannan mita guda kuma ba sa son barin kowa ya shiga cikin yankin su. Ana iya shawo kan kawai ta hanyar umarni daga sama, gwamnatin Tarayyar Rasha ya kamata ta kula da wannan batu. Kuma idan wannan ya faru, to, a cikin mako guda mai yawa mita daban-daban za su bayyana a kasuwa, kowannensu za a aiwatar da shi a cikin tsarin fasaha da software daban-daban (komai, ba shakka, ya dogara da ka'idoji). Kuma a nan ainihin labarin zai riga ya fara, lokacin da za su gwada aikin firikwensin, yadda za a haɗa su tare. Iyakacin NB-IoT a bayyane yake, kusan na'urori 10,000 ne a kowane tashar tushe. Komai ya fi jin daɗi a cikin 5G, firikwensin miliyan ɗaya a kowace murabba'in kilomita. Amma kafin gazawar fasaha, muna bukatar mu shawo kan gazawar da ake da ita, mu kaddamar da irin wadannan ayyuka, kuma wannan aiki ne na ‘yan majalisa.

Kasuwancin yana da yawa ko žasa a shirye don ranar farin ciki na IoT, matakin mafita na fasaha yana da girma. Yanzu muna buƙatar ƙirƙirar ƙasa don aikace-aikacen su, sannan za a iya cewa wannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka. A cikin ɗakina, Ina so in ga ba kawai ruwa, gas da mita haske ba, amma ƙararrawa na tsaro, kamara, na'urori masu motsi da makamantansu, wanda zai ba ni damar sarrafa gidana daga nesa. Babu wani abu mai rikitarwa, kawai kyawawan ƙananan abubuwa. Wannan wani abu ne da za ku iya yi ba tare da shi cikin sauƙi ba, amma rashinsa yana da nauyi idan an ɗauke ku, kuma kun yi amfani da fa'idodin wayewa na ɗan lokaci. Abin sha'awa, don ci gaba a wannan yanki, muna buƙatar dokoki kawai, babu wani abu da ake buƙata, sannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka bisa ga canons kuma cikin sauri. Akwai duk abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan.

Wadanne na'urori masu auna firikwensin da na'urori masu wayo kuke so ku gani a kusa da ku? Gidaje? A cikin Apartment? Wani wuri kuma? Yi magana.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Na rasa adadin yadda suke gaya mana game da makoma mai haske da kuma birane masu wayo, babu ƙarancin gidaje masu wayo ko, a mafi munin yanayi, kawai gidaje masu hankali. Babu kamfani ɗaya da ya iya ɗaukar wannan batu a kan abin kunya, kuma matsalar ba ta da yawa a Rasha kamar na duniya. Ana gina gidaje a kowane lokaci, amma raguwar kayan gidaje ya ragu sosai, wanda ke nufin cewa waɗannan gidajen da ba a yi niyya ba don haka ya kamata a yi su da hankali. A St. Petersburg a kan Kamennoostrovsky Prospekt akwai gidan Benois guda uku, sau da yawa ana kiransa kawai gidan Benois.A cikin 1912, lokacin da aka kammala wannan ginin, an bi da shi azaman fasahar zamani - lif, manyan ɗakuna, ɗakuna masu yawa don ayyukan da suka danganci, irin rukunin gidaje. An dauki gidan a matsayin mai daraja a lokacin da kuma a yau, amma ga waɗanda suke so su gina wani abu mai hankali a cikinsa, mafarki ne mai rai - manyan rufi, manyan rufi, ƙananan hanyoyi kuma babu masu hawan waya. Kuma wannan ba shine mafi munin zaɓi ba, akwai gidajen da suka fi wahala. Abin ban mamaki, masu haɓaka ra'ayi na gida mai wayo sun fi sha'awar gidajen serial, wato, gine-gine na yau da kullum. Bayan ka bi duk da'irar jahannama sau ɗaya, za ka iya dogara ga samar da mafita wanda za a iya dacewa da sauran gidaje a cikin jerin.

A lokacin tafiya zuwa Kazan, an ba mu damar sauke ta Innopolis kuma mu ga abin da MegaFon ke yi a cikin yanki na gwaji, mafi daidai, a cikin wani ginin gida, wanda aka sanye da na'urori masu auna firikwensin, kuma an haɗa su da zauren gari. Yankin gwaji wanda ke bincika duka yuwuwar fasaha da hulɗa tare da ayyukan birni.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Issues IoT a cikin Apartments - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "427" /> Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Prob

Yayin da Innopolis fatalwa ce ta abin da birni zai iya zama - jami'a, harabar jami'a, gine-ginen manyan kamfanoni da gine-ginen zama, a cikin duka, an ba da izini fiye da gidaje 700 a matakin farko, wanda matasan da ke aiki a nan. zaune, dalibai suna zaune a dakunan kwanan dalibai . Tun da aka halicci Innopolis a matsayin birni na katin waya, sabon matakin ilimi, sun yi ƙoƙari su gane iyakar yiwuwar a ciki. Apartments za a iya haya kawai, odnushka zai kudin 7 dubu rubles a wata, kopeck yanki - 10 dubu. Kowane Apartment riga yana da furniture, kayan aiki da duk abin da kuke bukata domin rayuwa. An tsara matakai biyar na gine-gine, kuma komai yana tafiya yadda aka tsara, birnin yana samun abubuwa da yawa, kasancewar matasa suna zaune yana ba shi wata fara'a ta musamman. Ya zuwa yanzu, akwai kawai game da 3,000 na dindindin mazauna, amma akwai yara da yawa (daga tattaunawa na gane cewa akwai fiye da 400 daga cikinsu, don haka ƙidaya haihuwa na matasa da kuma alamar ƙwararrun). Ina son Innopolis a matsayin gwaji, wani nau'in dandamali inda suke nazarin abin da zai iya faruwa idan da gangan suka haifar da yanayi don karatu da aiki. Matsakaicin albashi bayan kammala karatun a cikin birni shine kusan 60-70 dubu rubles don fannonin da suka shafi IT, a wasu yankuna ya ragu. A cikin Kazan makwabta, albashin kwararrun IT ya ragu sosai, sun ce, wannan shine 40-50 dubu rubles, amma duk ya dogara da wurin aiki da sauran maki.

Ana bukatar dalibai su yi aiki a birnin na tsawon shekara guda bayan kammala karatun, wanda ake gudanarwa cikin harshen Ingilishi. Akwai fargabar cewa galibin wadanda suka samu ilimi a nan za su samu aiki a wajen kasar cikin sauki da kuma makudan kudade. Amma zai kasance wata hanya ko wata, lokaci ne kawai zai nuna. Ba ni da kwakkwaran jin cewa Innopolis na iya yiwuwa ko, akasin haka, tabbas zai yi nasara. An saka kudi da yawa a ciki daga kasafin kuɗin Mercedes-Benz C250 2012 Black na matakai daban-daban, amma tunanin birnin kimiyya ya kasance. an gina shi a cikin fili mara kyau, kuma yawancin mazaunan sun tattara a zahiri daga tallace-tallace daga ko'ina cikin ƙasar. A cikin ƴan mutanen da na yi magana da su, kowa ya je Innopolis ta hanyar tallace-tallace, irin taron farko. Amma wannan lyrical digression ya zama dole domin ku fahimci mahallin - fanko tituna, 'yan motoci kadan, rabin tebur a cikin kawai pizzeria ba komai, farashin iri ɗaya ne kamar na Kazan, babu gasa. A kusa da kusurwa akwai babban kanti "Pyaterochka", akwai samfurori na yau da kullum, farashin daidai yake da babban birnin kasar.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Don haka, a cikin ɗayan gidajen, MegaFon ya shigar da na'urori masu auna sigina talatin da shida (kun ji daidai, daidai da yawa), suna aiki a cikin hanyar sadarwar 4G ta amfani da yarjejeniyar NB-IoT. Amfanin NB-IoT shine cewa ba lallai ne ku jira makoma mai haske ta fuskar 5G ba, amma kuna iya shigar da na'urori masu auna firikwensin da za su yi aiki na dogon lokaci akan baturi ɗaya (aƙalla shekara guda), suna da Katin SIM akan jirgi kuma aika bayanai ta hanyar sadarwar afaretan wayar hannu. firikwensin daya - katin SIM daya. Ina tsammanin sha'awar ma'aikaci a cikin irin waɗannan ayyukan a bayyane take kuma ta bayyana kanta.

Ma'aunin aikin ba shi da mahimmanci, tunda muna fuskantar ɗaya daga cikin ƴan tsirarun gine-ginen da mutane ke rayuwa a ciki, suna amfani da haske, ruwa, kuma a lokaci guda akwai na'urori masu auna sigina a cikin ginin. Waɗannan su ne nau'ikan firikwensin nau'i biyu - lissafin haske, ruwa, da kuma lissafin lissafin gabaɗaya a cikin mashigai, wato, ƙarin bayani game da yadda ake amfani da haske a ƙofar da kuma lissafin magudanar ruwa.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Mun zo ziyarar wani saurayi da ke zaune a cikin wani yanki na kopeck tare da budurwarsa da kyanwa. A cikin bayan gida, akwai na'urori na yau da kullun a bayan ƙofar da aka lakafta, kuma an sanya na'urar firikwensin a gefe, ba zai yiwu a gan shi ba.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Wani abu kuma shi ne mun kalli wannan firikwensin daban, ga yadda yake.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "575" />

Ta fuskar fasaha, babu wani abu na musamman game da shi, na'urar firikwensin kanta ita ce sakandare, firamare yadda ake amfani da shi. Kamfanin da ke hidimar gidajen ba shi da sha'awar musamman cewa ban da ƙididdiga na yau da kullun akwai wasu nau'ikan firikwensin. Wannan shi ne wani yunƙuri na Innopolis City Hall, a cikin abin da muka sadu da Yulia Samodurova, ta ci gaba da wannan aikin. Aikin yana kama da wani nau'i na farawa, tun da yawancin mutane sun shiga ciki, wannan wani nau'i ne na nazarin yadda zai kasance. A wani gida akwai na'urori masu auna firikwensin da ke amfani da fasahar LoRa, wannan kuma yanki ne na gwaji (MegaFon ba shi da wata alaƙa da su). Amma ni, zaɓin rufaffiyar, fasahar LoRa ta mallakar ta fi ragi fiye da ƙari, amma wannan yanki ne na gwaji kawai kuma ba komai.

Domin na’urori masu auna firikwensin su kasance masu amfani, an rubuta musu software, wanda ke nuna abubuwan da suka faru daban-daban kuma suna ba ku damar tantance abubuwan da ke faruwa a ainihin lokacin. A lokacin gwaje-gwajen, an fahimci abin da ke da amfani da abin da ba a buƙata ba, hanyar da ake amfani da ita da kuma iyawarta ta canza.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "364" />

Ƙimar wannan yanki na gwaji daidai yake a cikin abu ɗaya - a cikin nazarin software da yadda ƙungiyar sabis ke tsayayya da ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan fasahohin, ba tare da son rai ba. Irin abin wasan yara, ba wani abu mai tsanani ba. Daga tambayoyin mutum ɗaya, na sami ra'ayi cewa Innopolis har yanzu ba shi da ci gaban abubuwan more rayuwa na birni a fagen IT - nau'in mai yin takalma ba tare da takalma ba. Sabis na tallafi na mazaunin 24/7 a cikin Telegram, daga can masu aiki huɗu sun riga sun aika buƙatun zuwa ayyukan da suka dace. Sanyi? Haka ne, ba da yawa ba, yana nuna cewa an yi aikin a gwiwa, sun dauki abin da yake. Sakamakon matakin da jami'ai suka dauka na toshe manzo, Innopolis kawai ya shigar da software wanda zai ba ku damar yin watsi da duk wannan hargitsi, kuma ku ci gaba da amfani da su, babu wani batun siyasa a nan, amma yana kama da bayanin siyasa na son rai. Babban aikin ga kwakwalwar matasa a cikin IT yana watsi da ayyukan rashin tunani na hukumomi, kuma yana yin hakan ba saboda wani buri na siyasa ba.

Amma wannan ba game da Telegram ba ne. Birnin kamar haka ba shi da cibiyar bayanan kansa, kyamarori masu tsaro suna rikodin duk abin da ke kan kafofin watsa labaru na gida, ba a haɗa su cikin tsarin ba, ana iya ci gaba da jerin "kananan abubuwa". Kuma gine-ginen da aka gina da kansu suna jin daɗi, amma a ciki suna kama da "bankuna" marasa tsada, waɗanda suke. Kasa mai gangarewa, elevator ne da ya haukace saboda an yi masa lodi, amma a hakikanin gaskiya kwakwalwarsa ta karkace. A taƙaice, wannan wani abin gani ne na masana'antarmu, wanda tsohon Ministan Sadarwa ya samo shi ba da gangan ba, wanda ya ƙaddamar da wannan aikin. A waje, komai yana da kyau sosai, ciki, matsalolin gaske sun fara fitowa. Ina da shakkun cewa Innopolis za ta zama dandalin da zai nuna wa kasar yadda ake gina garuruwa masu wayo. Babu wani abin da zai iya faruwa a wannan garin, kawai akwai gine-ginen da ba a iya samun su a wasu sassan kasar, wanda ke da azama.

Matsala mai mahimmanci a Rasha a cikin aiwatar da mita masu wayo shine ikon mallakar ƙungiyoyin tallace-tallace waɗanda ke sarrafa waɗannan mita guda kuma ba sa son barin kowa ya shiga cikin yankin su. Ana iya shawo kan kawai ta hanyar umarni daga sama, gwamnatin Tarayyar Rasha ya kamata ta kula da wannan batu. Kuma idan wannan ya faru, to, a cikin mako guda mai yawa mita daban-daban za su bayyana a kasuwa, kowannensu za a aiwatar da shi a cikin tsarin fasaha da software daban-daban (komai, ba shakka, ya dogara da ka'idoji). Kuma a nan ainihin labarin zai riga ya fara, lokacin da za su gwada aikin firikwensin, yadda za a haɗa su tare. Iyakacin NB-IoT a bayyane yake, kusan na'urori 10,000 ne a kowane tashar tushe. Komai ya fi jin daɗi a cikin 5G, firikwensin miliyan ɗaya a kowace murabba'in kilomita. Amma kafin gazawar fasaha, muna bukatar mu shawo kan gazawar da ake da ita, mu kaddamar da irin wadannan ayyuka, kuma wannan aiki ne na ‘yan majalisa.

Kasuwancin yana da yawa ko žasa a shirye don ranar farin ciki na IoT, matakin mafita na fasaha yana da girma. Yanzu muna buƙatar ƙirƙirar ƙasa don aikace-aikacen su, sannan za a iya cewa wannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka. A cikin ɗakina, Ina so in ga ba kawai ruwa, gas da mita haske ba, amma ƙararrawa na tsaro, kamara, na'urori masu motsi da makamantansu, wanda zai ba ni damar sarrafa gidana daga nesa. Babu wani abu mai rikitarwa, kawai kyawawan ƙananan abubuwa. Wannan wani abu ne da za ku iya yi ba tare da shi cikin sauƙi ba, amma rashinsa yana da nauyi idan an ɗauke ku, kuma kun yi amfani da fa'idodin wayewa na ɗan lokaci. Abin sha'awa, don ci gaba a wannan yanki, muna buƙatar dokoki kawai, babu wani abu da ake buƙata, sannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka bisa ga canons kuma cikin sauri. Akwai duk abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan.

Wadanne na'urori masu auna firikwensin da na'urori masu wayo kuke so ku gani a kusa da ku? Gidaje? A cikin Apartment? Wani wuri kuma? Yi magana.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Na rasa adadin yadda suke gaya mana game da makoma mai haske da kuma birane masu wayo, babu ƙarancin gidaje masu wayo ko, a mafi munin yanayi, kawai gidaje masu hankali. Babu kamfani ɗaya da ya iya ɗaukar wannan batu a kan abin kunya, kuma matsalar ba ta da yawa a Rasha kamar na duniya. Ana gina gidaje a kowane lokaci, amma raguwar kayan gidaje ya ragu sosai, wanda ke nufin cewa waɗannan gidajen da ba a yi niyya ba don haka ya kamata a yi su da hankali. A St. Petersburg a kan Kamennoostrovsky Prospekt akwai gidan Benois guda uku, sau da yawa ana kiransa kawai gidan Benois.A cikin 1912, lokacin da aka kammala wannan ginin, an bi da shi azaman fasahar zamani - lif, manyan ɗakuna, ɗakuna masu yawa don ayyukan da suka danganci, irin rukunin gidaje. An dauki gidan a matsayin mai daraja a lokacin da kuma a yau, amma ga waɗanda suke so su gina wani abu mai hankali a cikinsa, mafarki ne mai rai - manyan rufi, manyan rufi, ƙananan hanyoyi kuma babu masu hawan waya. Kuma wannan ba shine mafi munin zaɓi ba, akwai gidajen da suka fi wahala. Abin ban mamaki, masu haɓaka ra'ayi na gida mai wayo sun fi sha'awar gidajen serial, wato, gine-gine na yau da kullum. Bayan ka bi duk da'irar jahannama sau ɗaya, za ka iya dogara ga samar da mafita wanda za a iya dacewa da sauran gidaje a cikin jerin.

Aiwatar da Intanet na abubuwa, ko IoT, yakamata a fara da warware ayyukan yau da kullun masu sauƙi, alal misali, ɗaukar karatun mita, lissafin yawan ruwa, da makamantan abubuwan da ke ɗaukar lokaci mai yawa ga masu gidaje da kamfanoni. waɗanda aka tilasta su kula da ma'aikatan crawlers waɗanda ke bincika shaidar da kyau, kuma wasu mutane suna shigar da su cikin bayanan. Rashin ma'ana na albarkatun ɗan adam, wannan lokacin zai iya kuma yakamata a yi amfani da shi tare da fa'ida mafi girma, tunda duk waɗannan hanyoyin za a iya sarrafa su ta atomatik, wannan ita ce hanya ɗaya da ya kamata ta kasance a cikin kyakkyawar duniya. Amma ci gaban irin wannan fasaha mai sauƙi da fahimta yana shiga cikin hanyar doka, bukatun kamfanonin tallace-tallace da suke so su sarrafa mita guda da kuma sayar da su, tun da waɗannan su ne tabbacin tallace-tallace da kuma kasuwa mai mahimmanci inda za ku iya samun. Kuma lamarin haka yake a duk kasashen duniya, kusan iri daya ne, kuma wannan kamanceceniya ce ta nuna irin matsalolin da muke fuskanta.A lokacin tafiya zuwa Kazan, an ba mu damar sauke ta Innopolis kuma mu ga abin da MegaFon ke yi a cikin yanki na gwaji, mafi daidai, a cikin wani ginin gida, wanda aka sanye da na'urori masu auna firikwensin, kuma an haɗa su da zauren gari. Yankin gwaji wanda ke bincika duka yuwuwar fasaha da hulɗa tare da ayyukan birni.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Issues IoT a cikin Apartments - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "427" /> Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Prob

Yayin da Innopolis fatalwa ce ta abin da birni zai iya zama - jami'a, harabar jami'a, gine-ginen manyan kamfanoni da gine-ginen zama, a cikin duka, an ba da izini fiye da gidaje 700 a matakin farko, wanda matasan da ke aiki a nan. zaune, dalibai suna zaune a dakunan kwanan dalibai . Tun da aka halicci Innopolis a matsayin birni na katin waya, sabon matakin ilimi, sun yi ƙoƙari su gane iyakar yiwuwar a ciki. Apartments za a iya haya kawai, odnushka zai kudin 7 dubu rubles a wata, kopeck yanki - 10 dubu. Kowane Apartment riga yana da furniture, kayan aiki da duk abin da kuke bukata domin rayuwa. An tsara matakai biyar na gine-gine, kuma komai yana tafiya yadda aka tsara, birnin yana samun abubuwa da yawa, kasancewar matasa suna zaune yana ba shi wata fara'a ta musamman. Ya zuwa yanzu, akwai kawai game da 3,000 na dindindin mazauna, amma akwai yara da yawa (daga tattaunawa na gane cewa akwai fiye da 400 daga cikinsu, don haka ƙidaya haihuwa na matasa da kuma alamar ƙwararrun). Ina son Innopolis a matsayin gwaji, wani nau'in dandamali inda suke nazarin abin da zai iya faruwa idan da gangan suka haifar da yanayi don karatu da aiki. Matsakaicin albashi bayan kammala karatun a cikin birni shine kusan 60-70 dubu rubles don fannonin da suka shafi IT, a wasu yankuna ya ragu. A cikin Kazan makwabta, albashin kwararrun IT ya ragu sosai, sun ce, wannan shine 40-50 dubu rubles, amma duk ya dogara da wurin aiki da sauran maki.

Ana bukatar dalibai su yi aiki a birnin na tsawon shekara guda bayan kammala karatun, wanda ake gudanarwa cikin harshen Ingilishi. Akwai fargabar cewa galibin wadanda suka samu ilimi a nan za su samu aiki a wajen kasar cikin sauki da kuma makudan kudade. Amma zai kasance wata hanya ko wata, lokaci ne kawai zai nuna. Ba ni da kwakkwaran jin cewa Innopolis na iya yiwuwa ko, akasin haka, tabbas zai yi nasara. An saka kudi da yawa a ciki daga kasafin kuɗin Mercedes-Benz C250 2012 Black na matakai daban-daban, amma tunanin birnin kimiyya ya kasance. an gina shi a cikin fili mara kyau, kuma yawancin mazaunan sun tattara a zahiri daga tallace-tallace daga ko'ina cikin ƙasar. A cikin ƴan mutanen da na yi magana da su, kowa ya je Innopolis ta hanyar tallace-tallace, irin taron farko. Amma wannan lyrical digression ya zama dole domin ku fahimci mahallin - fanko tituna, 'yan motoci kadan, rabin tebur a cikin kawai pizzeria ba komai, farashin iri ɗaya ne kamar na Kazan, babu gasa. A kusa da kusurwa akwai babban kanti na Pyaterochka, akwai nau'ikan samfuran da aka saba da su, farashin daidai yake da babban birnin jamhuriyar.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Don haka, a cikin ɗayan gidajen, MegaFon ya shigar da na'urori masu auna sigina talatin da shida (kun ji dama, da yawa), suna aiki a cikin hanyar sadarwar 4G ta amfani da yarjejeniyar NB-IoT. Amfanin NB-IoT shine cewa ba lallai ne ku jira makoma mai haske ta fuskar 5G ba, amma kuna iya shigar da na'urori masu auna firikwensin da za su yi aiki na dogon lokaci akan baturi ɗaya (aƙalla shekara guda), suna da Katin SIM akan jirgi kuma aika bayanai ta hanyar sadarwar afaretan wayar hannu. firikwensin daya - katin SIM daya. Ina tsammanin sha'awar ma'aikaci a cikin irin waɗannan ayyukan a bayyane take kuma ta bayyana kanta.

Ma'aunin aikin ba shi da mahimmanci, tunda muna fuskantar ɗaya daga cikin ƴan tsirarun gine-ginen da mutane ke rayuwa a ciki, suna amfani da haske, ruwa, kuma a lokaci guda akwai na'urori masu auna sigina a cikin ginin. Waɗannan su ne nau'ikan firikwensin nau'i biyu - lissafin haske, ruwa, da kuma lissafin lissafin gabaɗaya a cikin mashigai, wato, ƙarin bayani game da yadda ake amfani da haske a ƙofar da kuma lissafin magudanar ruwa.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Mun zo ziyarar wani saurayi da ke zaune a cikin wani yanki na kopeck tare da budurwarsa da kyanwa. A cikin bayan gida, akwai na'urori na yau da kullun a bayan ƙofar da aka lakafta, kuma an sanya na'urar firikwensin a gefe, ba zai yiwu a gan shi ba.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis

Wani abu kuma shi ne mun kalli wannan firikwensin daban, ga yadda yake.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "575" />

Ta fuskar fasaha, babu wani abu na musamman game da shi, na'urar firikwensin kanta ita ce sakandare, firamare yadda ake amfani da shi. Kamfanin da ke hidimar gidajen ba shi da sha'awar musamman cewa ban da ƙididdiga na yau da kullun akwai wasu nau'ikan firikwensin. Wannan shi ne wani yunƙuri na Innopolis City Hall, a cikin abin da muka sadu da Yulia Samodurova, ta ci gaba da wannan aikin. Aikin yana kama da wani nau'i na farawa, tun da yawancin mutane sun shiga ciki, wannan wani nau'i ne na nazarin yadda zai kasance. A wani gida akwai na'urori masu auna firikwensin da ke amfani da fasahar LoRa, wannan kuma yanki ne na gwaji (MegaFon ba shi da wata alaƙa da su). Amma ni, zaɓin rufaffiyar, fasahar LoRa ta mallakar ta fi ragi fiye da ƙari, amma wannan yanki ne na gwaji kawai kuma ba komai.

Domin na’urori masu auna firikwensin su kasance masu amfani, an rubuta musu software, wanda ke nuna abubuwan da suka faru daban-daban kuma suna ba ku damar tantance abubuwan da ke faruwa a ainihin lokacin. A lokacin gwaje-gwajen, an fahimci abin da ke da amfani da abin da ba a buƙata ba, hanyar da ake amfani da ita da kuma iyawarta ta canza.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Matsaloli IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis jpg" alt = "Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis" nisa = "640" tsawo = "364" />

Ƙimar wannan yanki na gwaji daidai yake a cikin abu ɗaya - a cikin nazarin software da yadda ƙungiyar sabis ke tsayayya da ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan fasahohin, ba tare da son rai ba. Wani irin abin wasa, ba wani abu mai tsanani ba. Daga tambayoyin mutum ɗaya, na sami ra'ayi cewa Innopolis har yanzu ba shi da ci gaban abubuwan more rayuwa na birni a fagen IT - nau'in mai yin takalma ba tare da takalma ba. Sabis na tallafi na mazaunin 24/7 a cikin Telegram, daga can masu aiki huɗu sun riga sun aika buƙatun zuwa ayyukan da suka dace. Sanyi? Haka ne, ba da yawa ba, yana nuna cewa an yi aikin a gwiwa, sun dauki abin da yake. Sakamakon matakin da jami'ai suka dauka na toshe manzo, Innopolis kawai ya shigar da software wanda zai ba ku damar yin watsi da duk wannan hargitsi, kuma ku ci gaba da amfani da su, babu wani batun siyasa a nan, amma yana kama da bayanin siyasa na son rai. Babban aikin ga kwakwalwar matasa a cikin IT yana watsi da ayyukan rashin tunani na hukumomi, kuma yana yin hakan ba saboda wani buri na siyasa ba.

Kasuwancin yana da yawa ko žasa a shirye don ranar farin ciki na IoT, matakin mafita na fasaha yana da girma. Yanzu muna buƙatar ƙirƙirar ƙasa don aikace-aikacen su, sannan za a iya cewa wannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka. A cikin ɗakina, Ina so in ga ba kawai ruwa, gas da mita haske ba, amma ƙararrawa na tsaro, kamara, na'urori masu motsi da makamantansu, wanda zai ba ni damar sarrafa gidana daga nesa. Babu wani abu mai rikitarwa, kawai kyawawan ƙananan abubuwa. Wannan wani abu ne da za ku iya yi ba tare da shi cikin sauƙi ba, amma rashinsa yana da nauyi idan an ɗauke ku, kuma kun yi amfani da fa'idodin wayewa na ɗan lokaci. Abin sha'awa, don ci gaba a wannan yanki, muna buƙatar dokoki kawai, babu wani abu da ake buƙata, sannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka bisa ga canons kuma cikin sauri. Akwai duk abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan.

Wadanne na'urori masu auna firikwensin da na'urori masu wayo kuke so ku gani a kusa da ku? Gidaje? A cikin Apartment? Wani wuri kuma? Yi magana.

Matsalolin IoT a cikin gidaje - tunani bayan ziyartar Innopolis Na rasa adadin yadda suke gaya mana game da makoma mai haske da kuma birane masu wayo, babu ƙarancin gidaje masu wayo ko, a mafi munin yanayi, kawai gidaje masu hankali. Babu kamfani ɗaya da ya iya ɗaukar wannan batu a kan abin kunya, kuma matsalar ba ta da yawa a Rasha kamar na duniya. Ana gina gidaje a kowane lokaci, amma raguwar kayan gidaje ya ragu sosai, wanda ke nufin cewa waɗannan gidajen da ba a yi niyya ba don haka ya kamata a yi su da hankali. A St. Petersburg a kan Kamennoostrovsky Prospekt akwai gidan Benois guda uku, sau da yawa ana kiransa kawai gidan Benois.A cikin 1912, lokacin da aka kammala wannan ginin, an bi da shi azaman fasahar zamani - lif, manyan ɗakuna, ɗakuna masu yawa don ayyukan da suka danganci, irin rukunin gidaje. An dauki gidan a matsayin mai daraja a lokacin da kuma a yau, amma ga waɗanda suke so su gina wani abu mai hankali a cikinsa, mafarki ne mai rai - manyan rufi, manyan rufi, ƙananan hanyoyi kuma babu masu hawan waya. Kuma wannan ba shine mafi munin zaɓi ba, akwai gidajen da suka fi wahala. Abin ban mamaki, masu haɓaka ra'ayi na gida mai wayo sun fi sha'awar gidajen serial, wato, gine-gine na yau da kullum. Bayan ka bi duk da'irar jahannama sau ɗaya, za ka iya dogara ga samar da mafita wanda za a iya dacewa da sauran gidaje a cikin jerin.

Aiwatar da Intanet na abubuwa, ko IoT, yakamata a fara da warware ayyukan yau da kullun masu sauƙi, alal misali, ɗaukar karatun mita, lissafin yawan ruwa, da makamantan abubuwan da ke ɗaukar lokaci mai yawa ga masu gidaje da kamfanoni. waɗanda aka tilasta su kula da ma'aikatan crawlers waɗanda ke bincika shaidar da kyau, kuma wasu mutane suna shigar da su cikin bayanan. Rashin ma'ana na albarkatun ɗan adam, wannan lokacin zai iya kuma yakamata a yi amfani da shi tare da fa'ida mafi girma, tunda duk waɗannan hanyoyin za a iya sarrafa su ta atomatik, wannan ita ce hanya ɗaya da ya kamata ta kasance a cikin kyakkyawar duniya. Amma ci gaban irin wannan fasaha mai sauƙi da fahimta yana shiga cikin hanyar doka, bukatun kamfanonin tallace-tallace da suke so su sarrafa mita guda da kuma sayar da su, tun da waɗannan su ne tabbacin tallace-tallace da kuma kasuwa mai mahimmanci inda za ku iya samun. Kuma lamarin haka yake a duk kasashen duniya, kusan iri daya ne, kuma wannan kamanceceniya ce ta nuna irin matsalolin da muke fuskanta.A lokacin tafiya zuwa Kazan, an ba mu damar sauke ta Innopolis kuma mu ga abin da MegaFon ke yi a cikin yanki na gwaji, mafi daidai, a cikin wani ginin gida, wanda aka sanye da na'urori masu auna firikwensin, kuma an haɗa su da zauren gari. Yankin gwaji, wanda ke bincika duka yuwuwar fasaha da hulɗa tare da ayyukan birni.

Yayin da Innopolis fatalwa ce ta abin da birni zai iya zama - jami'a, harabar jami'a, gine-ginen manyan kamfanoni da gine-ginen zama, a cikin duka, an ba da izini fiye da gidaje 700 a matakin farko, wanda matasan da ke aiki a nan. zaune, dalibai suna zaune a dakunan kwanan dalibai . Tun da aka halicci Innopolis a matsayin birni na katin waya, sabon matakin ilimi, sun yi ƙoƙari su gane iyakar yiwuwar a ciki. Apartments za a iya haya kawai, odnushka zai kudin 7 dubu rubles a wata, kopeck yanki - 10 dubu. Kowane Apartment riga yana da furniture, kayan aiki da duk abin da kuke bukata domin rayuwa. An tsara matakai biyar na gine-gine, kuma komai yana tafiya yadda aka tsara, birnin yana samun abubuwa da yawa, kasancewar matasa suna zaune yana ba shi wata fara'a ta musamman. Ya zuwa yanzu, akwai kawai game da 3,000 na dindindin mazauna, amma akwai yara da yawa (daga tattaunawa na gane cewa akwai fiye da 400 daga cikinsu, don haka ƙidaya haihuwa na matasa da kuma alamar ƙwararrun). Ina son Innopolis a matsayin gwaji, wani nau'in dandamali inda suke nazarin abin da zai iya faruwa idan da gangan suka haifar da yanayi don karatu da aiki. Matsakaicin albashi bayan kammala karatun a cikin birni shine kusan 60-70 dubu rubles don fannonin da suka shafi IT, a wasu yankuna ya ragu. A cikin Kazan makwabta, albashin kwararrun IT ya ragu sosai, sun ce, wannan shine 40-50 dubu rubles, amma duk ya dogara da wurin aiki da sauran maki.

Ana bukatar dalibai su yi aiki a birnin na tsawon shekara guda bayan kammala karatun, wanda ake gudanarwa cikin harshen Ingilishi. Akwai fargabar cewa galibin wadanda suka samu ilimi a nan za su samu aiki a wajen kasar cikin sauki da kuma makudan kudade. Amma zai kasance wata hanya ko wata, lokaci ne kawai zai nuna. Ba ni da kwakkwaran jin cewa Innopolis na iya yiwuwa ko, akasin haka, tabbas zai yi nasara. Ya samu kudi mai yawa daga kasafin kudin Mercedes-Benz C250 2012 Black a matakai daban-daban, amma an gina tunanin birnin kimiyya a cikin filin da ba a sani ba, kuma yawancin mazaunan an tattara su daga tallace-tallace daga ko'ina cikin kasar. A cikin ƴan mutanen da na yi magana da su, kowa ya je Innopolis ta hanyar tallace-tallace, irin taron farko. Amma wannan lyrical digression ya zama dole domin ku fahimci mahallin - fanko tituna, 'yan motoci kadan, rabin tebur a cikin kawai pizzeria ba komai, farashin iri ɗaya ne kamar na Kazan, babu gasa. A kusa da kusurwa akwai babban kanti na Pyaterochka, akwai nau'ikan samfuran da aka saba da su, farashin daidai yake da babban birnin jamhuriyar.

Ana buƙatar ɗalibai su yi aiki na tsawon shekara guda a cikin birni bayan kammala karatun, wanda ake gudanarwa cikin Ingilishi. Akwai fargabar cewa galibin wadanda suka samu ilimi a nan za su samu aiki a wajen kasar cikin sauki da kuma makudan kudade. Amma zai kasance wata hanya ko wata, lokaci ne kawai zai nuna. Ba ni da kwakkwaran jin cewa Innopolis na iya yiwuwa ko, akasin haka, tabbas zai yi nasara. An zuba makudan kudade a ciki daga kasafin kudi Mercedes-Benz C250 2012 Black Mercedes-Benz C250 2012 Black matakai daban-daban, amma manufarsa na birnin kimiyya an gina shi ne a cikin wani fili mara kyau, kuma yawancin mazaunan an tattara su a zahiri daga tallace-tallace daga ko'ina cikin ƙasar. A cikin ƴan mutanen da na yi magana da su, kowa ya je Innopolis ta hanyar tallace-tallace, irin taron farko. Amma wannan lyrical digression ya zama dole domin ku fahimci mahallin - fanko tituna, 'yan motoci kadan, rabin tebur a cikin kawai pizzeria ba komai, farashin iri ɗaya ne kamar na Kazan, babu gasa. A kusa da kusurwa akwai babban kanti "Pyaterochka", akwai samfurori na yau da kullum, farashin suna daidai da babban birnin kasar. Don haka, a cikin ɗayan gidajen, MegaFon ya shigar da na'urori masu auna sigina talatin da shida (kun ji dama, da yawa), suna aiki a cikin hanyar sadarwar 4G ta amfani da yarjejeniyar NB-IoT. Amfanin NB-IoT shine cewa ba lallai ne ku jira makoma mai haske ta fuskar 5G ba, amma kuna iya shigar da na'urori masu auna firikwensin da za su yi aiki na dogon lokaci akan baturi ɗaya (aƙalla shekara guda), suna da Katin SIM akan jirgi kuma aika bayanai ta hanyar sadarwar afaretan wayar hannu. firikwensin daya - katin SIM daya. Ina tsammanin sha'awar ma'aikaci a cikin irin waɗannan ayyukan a bayyane take kuma ta bayyana kanta.

Ma'aunin aikin ba shi da mahimmanci, tunda muna fuskantar ɗaya daga cikin ƴan tsirarun gine-ginen da mutane ke rayuwa a ciki, suna amfani da haske, ruwa, kuma a lokaci guda akwai na'urori masu auna sigina a cikin ginin. Waɗannan su ne nau'ikan firikwensin nau'i biyu - lissafin haske, ruwa, da kuma lissafin lissafin gabaɗaya a cikin mashigai, wato, ƙarin bayani game da yadda ake amfani da haske a ƙofar da kuma lissafin magudanar ruwa.

Mun zo ziyarar wani saurayi da ke zaune a cikin wani yanki na kopeck tare da budurwarsa da kyanwa. A cikin bayan gida, akwai na'urori na yau da kullun a bayan ƙofar da aka lakafta, kuma an sanya na'urar firikwensin a gefe, ba zai yiwu a gan shi ba.

Wani abu kuma shi ne mun kalli wannan firikwensin daban, ga yadda yake.

Ta fuskar fasaha, babu wani abu na musamman game da shi, na'urar firikwensin kanta ita ce sakandare, firamare yadda ake amfani da shi. Kamfanin da ke hidimar gidajen ba shi da sha'awar musamman cewa ban da ƙididdiga na yau da kullun akwai wasu nau'ikan firikwensin. Wannan shi ne wani yunƙuri na Innopolis City Hall, a cikin abin da muka sadu da Yulia Samodurova, ta ci gaba da wannan aikin. Aikin yana kama da wani nau'i na farawa, tun da yawancin mutane sun shiga ciki, wannan wani nau'i ne na nazarin yadda zai kasance. A wani gida akwai na'urori masu auna firikwensin da ke amfani da fasahar LoRa, wannan kuma yanki ne na gwaji (MegaFon ba shi da wata alaƙa da su). Amma ni, zaɓin rufaffiyar, fasahar LoRa ta mallakar ta fi ragi fiye da ƙari, amma wannan yanki ne na gwaji kawai kuma ba komai.

Domin na’urori masu auna firikwensin su kasance masu amfani, an rubuta musu software, wanda ke nuna abubuwan da suka faru daban-daban kuma suna ba ku damar tantance abubuwan da ke faruwa a ainihin lokacin. A lokacin gwaje-gwajen, an fahimci abin da ke da amfani da abin da ba a buƙata ba, hanyar da ake amfani da ita da kuma iyawarta ta canza.

Ƙimar wannan yanki na gwaji daidai yake a cikin abu ɗaya - a cikin nazarin software da yadda ƙungiyar sabis ke tsayayya da ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan fasahohin, ba tare da son rai ba. Irin abin wasan yara, ba wani abu mai tsanani ba. Daga tambayoyin mutum ɗaya, na sami ra'ayi cewa Innopolis har yanzu ba shi da ci gaban abubuwan more rayuwa na birni a fagen IT - nau'in mai yin takalma ba tare da takalma ba. Sabis na tallafi na mazaunin 24/7 a cikin Telegram, daga can masu aiki huɗu sun riga sun aika buƙatun zuwa ayyukan da suka dace. Sanyi? Haka ne, ba da yawa ba, yana nuna cewa an yi aikin a gwiwa, sun dauki abin da yake. Sakamakon matakin da jami'ai suka dauka na toshe manzo, Innopolis kawai ya shigar da software wanda zai ba ku damar yin watsi da duk wannan hargitsi, kuma ku ci gaba da amfani da su, babu wani batun siyasa a nan, amma yana kama da bayanin siyasa na son rai. Babban aikin ga kwakwalwar matasa a cikin IT yana watsi da ayyukan rashin tunani na hukumomi, kuma yana yin hakan ba saboda wani buri na siyasa ba.

Amma wannan ba game da Telegram ba ne. Birnin kamar haka ba shi da cibiyar bayanan kansa, kyamarori masu tsaro sun rubuta komai zuwa kafofin watsa labaru na gida, ba a haɗa su cikin tsarin ba, ana iya ci gaba da jerin "kananan abubuwa". Kuma gine-ginen da aka gina da kansu suna jin daɗi, amma a ciki suna kama da "bankuna" marasa tsada, waɗanda suke. Kasa mai gangarewa, elevator ne da ya haukace saboda an yi masa lodi, amma a hakikanin gaskiya kwakwalwarsa ta karkace. A taƙaice, wannan wani abin gani ne na masana'antarmu, wanda tsohon Ministan Sadarwa ya samo shi ba da gangan ba, wanda ya ƙaddamar da wannan aikin. A waje, komai yana da kyau sosai, ciki, matsalolin gaske sun fara fitowa. Ina da shakkun cewa Innopolis za ta zama dandalin da zai nuna wa kasar yadda ake gina garuruwa masu wayo. Babu wani abin da zai iya faruwa a wannan garin, kawai akwai gine-ginen da ba a iya samun su a wasu sassan kasar, wanda ke da azama.

Matsala mai mahimmanci a Rasha a cikin aiwatar da mita masu wayo shine ikon mallakar ƙungiyoyin tallace-tallace waɗanda ke sarrafa waɗannan mita guda kuma ba sa son barin kowa ya shiga cikin yankin su. Ana iya shawo kan kawai ta hanyar umarni daga sama, gwamnatin Tarayyar Rasha ya kamata ta kula da wannan batu. Kuma idan wannan ya faru, to, a cikin mako guda mai yawa mita daban-daban za su bayyana a kasuwa, kowannensu za a aiwatar da shi a cikin tsarin fasaha da software daban-daban (komai, ba shakka, ya dogara da ka'idoji). Kuma a nan ainihin labarin zai riga ya fara, lokacin da za su gwada aikin na'urori masu auna sigina, sannan yadda za a haɗa su tare. Iyakacin NB-IoT a bayyane yake, kusan na'urori 10,000 ne a kowane tashar tushe. Komai ya fi jin daɗi a cikin 5G, firikwensin miliyan ɗaya a kowace murabba'in kilomita. Amma kafin gazawar fasaha, muna bukatar mu shawo kan gazawar da ake da ita, mu kaddamar da irin wadannan ayyuka, kuma wannan aiki ne na ‘yan majalisa.

Kasuwancin yana da yawa ko žasa a shirye don ranar farin ciki na IoT, matakin mafita na fasaha yana da girma. Yanzu muna buƙatar ƙirƙirar ƙasa don aikace-aikacen su, sannan za a iya cewa wannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka. A cikin ɗakina, Ina so in ga ba kawai ruwa, gas da mita haske ba, amma ƙararrawa na tsaro, kamara, na'urori masu motsi da makamantansu, wanda zai ba ni damar sarrafa gidana daga nesa. Babu wani abu mai rikitarwa, kawai kyawawan ƙananan abubuwa. Wannan wani abu ne da za ku iya yi ba tare da shi cikin sauƙi ba, amma rashinsa yana da nauyi idan an ɗauke ku, kuma kun yi amfani da fa'idodin wayewa na ɗan lokaci. Abin sha'awa, don ci gaba a wannan yanki, muna buƙatar dokoki kawai, babu wani abu da ake buƙata, sannan kasuwa za ta fara haɓaka bisa ga canons kuma cikin sauri. Akwai duk abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan.

Wadanne na'urori masu auna firikwensin da na'urori masu wayo kuke so ku gani a kusa da ku? Gidaje? A cikin Apartment? Wani wuri kuma? Yi magana.