Hakkokin haɓaka na'urori dangane da dandalin S60

A matsayin gabatarwa, bari mu dan dakata kan tarihin daya daga cikin mafi yawan manhajojin wayar salula, Series60, ko, kamar yadda ake kira yanzu, S60. A cikin wannan mahallin, ana fahimtar dandali azaman ɓangaren software wanda ya haɗa duka kayan aikin tsarin, tsarin aiki, da saitin aikace-aikacen masu amfani. A ka'ida, duk samfuran Nokia da aka gina akan dandamali iri ɗaya suna da halayen kayan masarufi iri ɗaya (nau'in sarrafawa, mita, kewayawa), kodayake ana iya samun keɓancewa. Bambance-bambance a cikin kamara, girman ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, nau'in kati ba su da mahimmanci kuma yana iya kasancewa a kan tushe iri ɗaya.

Kawo yanzu dai mun ga manhajar (Editions) bugu uku ne, kuma idan an tashi daga wannan bugu zuwa waccan, za a iya canza nau’in manhajar Symbian, duk da cewa wannan ba wani sharadi ba ne. Don haka bugu na farko na dandalin ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v6.1, bugu na gaba ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v7.0s, bugu na uku kuma ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v9.1. Hakanan, azaman ƙari ga kowane bugu, akwai abubuwan da ake kira Fakitin Feature (FP), waɗanda ke kawo ƙarin ayyuka zuwa sigar dandamali. Kamar yadda muke iya gani, sigar tsarin aiki kuma na iya canzawa lokacin motsi daga wannan FP zuwa wani. Misali, bugu na biyu na dandamali ya ƙunshi FPs uku. Wannan batu za a taso dalla-dalla daga baya a cikin rubutu.

Kafin mu fara la’akari da hasashen ci gaban dandali na S60, bari mu waiwayi wani batu na musamman da ke fuskantar masu amfani da wayoyin hannu na Symbian. An dade da sanin cewa duk wani aikace-aikacen da ke gudana akan na'urori dangane da bugu na biyu kuma a baya ba za a tallafa musu ba a yanzu. Gabatar da tsarin gine-ginen Binary Interface (ABI) na aikace-aikacen ARM ya haifar da kammala rashin daidaituwa na aikace-aikace tare da sabon sigar OS (The Binary Compatibility Break). Wannan yana nufin cewa za a buƙaci sake haɗa aikace-aikacen ta amfani da saitin kayan aikin daban. A wannan lokacin, ga wasu, wannan abin tuntuɓe ne yayin sauyawa daga na'urori zuwa S60 2nd Edition misali. Kasancewar hakan ba zai faru ba lokacin da aka ƙaura daga bugu na uku zuwa bugu na gaba zai iya zama tabbaci, sun dace.

Bugu na uku yana amfani da sigar Symbian OS 9.1, wacce aka sabunta ta gaba daya, EKA 2 (EPOC Kernel Architecture 2). Bambanci shine goyon baya na ainihi - wannan yana ba ku damar ƙirƙirar aikace-aikacen da ke da mahimmanci ga lokacin aiwatarwa, kamar VoIP.

Ga masu haɓakawa, amfani da sabon mai tarawa yana taka rawa sosai, da kuma ingantawa da suka shafi ƙirar tsaro da aka yi amfani da su. Musamman ma, an gabatar da manufar ƙwararrun aikace-aikace, waɗanda za su iya samun cikakkiyar damar yin amfani da APIs guda ɗaya (kusan APIs 40 sun zama samuwa, wanda ke ba da damar haɓaka kowane nau'in aikace-aikacen).

Don ƙarin bayani kan jerin APIs, bayyani na daidaitattun aikace-aikace da sauran cikakkun bayanai masu alaƙa da wannan canjin, muna ba ku a cikin wannan labarin:

Mu ci gaba zuwa wani al'amari mai ban sha'awa, wato, canjin kayan masarufi da ake goyan bayan matakin OS. Waɗannan tallafi ne ga WLAN (Wi-Fi), SD, miniSD, katunan MicroSD, goyan bayan maɓallan madannai na QWERTY.

Gabaɗaya, don fahimtar yadda aka gina gine-ginen dandalin S60, kawai ku duba hoton da ke ƙasa:

Ba za mu tsaya a kan bayanin kowane kashi dalla-dalla ba, za mu lissafta wasu daga cikinsu ne kawai:

  • Symbian OS Extensions wani tsari ne na tsarin da ke ba da damar dandalin S60 don yin hulɗa tare da fasalin abubuwan kayan masarufi, kamar faɗakarwar girgiza, yanayin cajin baturi, da sauransu.
  • S60 Platform Services sune muhimman ayyukan da dandamali ke bayarwa. Sun haɗa da:
    • Sabis Tsarin Tsarin Aikace-aikacen - ba da damar asali don gudanar da aikace-aikace da ayyuka, abubuwan haɗin haɗin mai amfani.
    • Sabis na Tsarin Tsarin UI - suna ba da takamaiman nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin UI da ayyukan taron.
    • Sabis na Hotuna - samar da wurare don ƙirƙirar zane da zana su akan allo.
    • Sabis na Wura - ba da damar dandamali don "san" wurin da na'urar take.
    • Sabis na tushen Yanar Gizo - sun haɗa da sabis don kafa haɗin gwiwa, hulɗa tare da ayyukan WEB, gami da bincike, zazzage fayiloli.
    • Sabis na Multimedia - suna ba da damar sake kunna bidiyo da sauti, da kuma tantance magana.

    Ba shi da ma'ana a bayyana ma'anar kowane abu, kuma waɗanda suke da sha'awar gaske za su iya karanta takaddun fasaha a www.forum.nokia.com

    Tsarin S60 yana ƙayyade salon mai amfani (UI) da APIs, amma ba ya ƙayyade girman allo ta atomatik (ƙuduri) ko hanyoyin shigarwa. Masu masana'anta suna da 'yanci don amfani da nasu UI, amma ana buƙatar masu haɓakawa suyi amfani da ma'auni mai ƙima a cikin aikace-aikacen su (don ƙudurin allo daban-daban).

    Misali, ɗayan mafi kyawun abubuwan ban sha'awa waɗanda fakitin 3 ya kawo wa S60 2nd Edition shine goyan bayan UI mai daidaitawa (don ƙudurin allo na 176 x 208, 240 x 320, da 352 x 416 pixels). p> An tsara sanarwar na'urorin dangane da S60 3rd Edition, Feature Pack 1, don Satumba 26-28 na wannan shekara, kuma babban ƙari ga FP1 sune kamar haka:

    • Sabuntawa na kan-da-iska (FOTA), firmware kan-iska. Ya kamata a lura da cewa Nokia 6131, bisa tsarin 40 hardware da dandamali na software, yana goyan bayan sabunta firmware ta iska, yayin da na'urori masu ci gaba, wayoyi, kawai yanzu suna samun wannan dama. Banda samfurin N80, wayar tana goyan bayan FOTA, amma kafin sigar ta 4 ta software kuma ba ta iya isa ga yawancin masu amfani da ita. Yana yiwuwa a yi walƙiya na'urar a gida, amma, ba shakka, yana buƙatar kayan aiki na musamman, kuma, haka ma, ta ɓata garantin na'urar ta atomatik. A halin yanzu, Nokia ta fara haɓaka sabis na na'urori masu walƙiya a gida, ta hanyar kebul ɗin da ke zuwa tare da kit, ta ƙetare ayyukan cibiyoyin sabis: http://www.nokia.co.uk/softwareupdate

    A halin yanzu, ana tallafawa na'urorin bugu na biyu, 6680, N72, da dai sauransu, amma na ɗan lokaci, a cikin Satumba, ana shirin tallafawa na'urori a bugu na uku. Don rashin gamsuwar masu samfurin N90, ba a sa ran sabunta wannan na'urar.

    • Sabuwar Buɗaɗɗen Tushen Software (OSS) Browser. Cikakken bayyani na mai binciken, aikin wanda ɗan ɗan wuce sigar Opera na yanzu (tare da adadin ajiyar kuɗi, ba shakka, alal misali, irin wannan fa'idodin Opera masu dacewa kamar ja cikin shafi ɗaya, jerin kalmomin shiga, sunan yankin auto- zaɓi, gajerun hanyoyin dijital waɗanda ba sa cikin OSS Browser), kuna iya karanta a nan:
    • Ingantattun keɓancewar mu'amala don masu aiki da masu lasisi tare da sabuntar iska.
    • Na zaɓi - Macromedia Flash Lite 2 daga Adobe.
    • Zaɓuɓɓukan daidaitawa don baiwa masu lasisin S60 damar gina injuna tare da ƙaramin farashi na farko.
      API ɗin Jerin Abubuwan Abubuwan Gallery.
    • Ganewar Halayen Na gani API.
    • Ma'ajin Sanarwa na Ma'ajiya ta Tsakiya API.
    • API ɗin Injin Bayanan Bayani. API ɗin Yanayin allo.
    • OpenGL V1.1 API (An sabunta).
    • Telnet API.
    • App Framework Animation API.
    • OBEX API (an sabunta).
    • OBEX MTM API (an sabunta).

    Sabuwar Java™ APIs sun haɗa da:

    • Advanced Multimedia Supplements (AMMS) API (JSR-234).
    • Scalable Vector Graphics 2D API (JSR-226).
    • API ɗin 3D na Wayar hannu (M3G) don J2ME™ v1.1 (JSR-184) (an sabunta).
    Kuna iya karanta cikakken bayani akan FP1 nan:

    Ya kamata a yi magana ta musamman game da ƙirar Bluetooth da ake amfani da ita a cikin ƙirar Nokia. Guntu daga Murata Manufacturing (mai ba da kayayyaki ga Nokia kuma na biyu a cikin kasuwar ƙirar Bluetooth) yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyau a cikin aji. Amma a cikin na'urori, ba mu ga goyon baya ga adadi mai yawa na ƙayyadaddun bayanai waɗanda suka dace da ƙirar nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i) ga. Ya dade a bayyane cewa wannan iyakance ne kawai na sigar OS na yanzu. Mafi mahimmanci, rashin bayanin martabar A2DP (Advanced Audio Distribution Profile) ya haifar da rashin gamsuwa, wanda za'a iya fahimta, saboda baya barin amfani da Bluetooth don fitar da sauti daga wayar zuwa na'urar kai mara waya, belun kunne, sitiriyo mota.

    A cikin Symbian 9.2, babban canjin da ke da alaƙa da Bluetooth shine sabon tallafi don bayanin martabar A2DP, da kuma bayanan sarrafa bayanan (waƙar kiɗa, sake kunna bidiyo, da sauransu).

    Waɗannan na'urori masu zuwa za su dogara ne akan nau'ikan tsarin aiki na 9.2 da 9.3. Har yanzu ba a iya cewa da cikakken tabbacin wace sigar za ta zama tushen FP1 ba, a maimakon haka, Symbian 9.2 ce, yayin da FP2 za ta dogara ne akan nau'in 9.3 (an tattauna bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin waɗannan nau'ikan a ƙasa).

    Bari mu jera manyan abubuwansu:

      Tsaron dandali hanya ce ta kariyar tsarin bisa la'akari da ƙididdigewa da lura da damar aikace-aikacen. Bugu da kari, ana aiwatar da ɓoyayyen takaddun shaida da gudanarwa, HTTPS, SSL da TLS ƙa'idodin tsaro ana aiwatar da su.
    • Cikakken goyon bayan Java - goyan bayan sabbin ka'idojin Java, gami da CLDC 1.1, MIDP 2.0, JTWI (JSR185), API ɗin Watsa Labarai ta Waya (JSR135), Bluetooth (JSR082), Saƙon Mara waya (JSR120), Wayar hannu 3D Graphics API (JSR184) ), Gudanarwar Bayanin Keɓaɓɓu da APIs FileGCF (JSR075), da API ɗin Gudanar da Abun ciki (JSR 211).
    • https://cars45.com.gh/cXKzidXgFPsrv2N3LVkXqBfS ainihin lokaci da ba da damar aiwatar da zaren da yawa lokaci guda, yana ba da damar tallafawa lokaci guda. -core architecture.
    • Tallafawa don sabbin kayan masarufi - goyan bayan sabbin gine-ginen CPU, na'urorin waje, nau'ikan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na ciki da na waje.
    • Mafi kyawun zane-hanyoyi kai tsaye zuwa allon fuska da maɓallan madannai, API ɗin mai haɓaka zane-zane, haɓaka sassauƙan UI (goyon baya don daidaitawar allo daban-daban - shimfidar wuri, hoto, ƙuduri iri-iri).
    • An inganta don wayoyin hannu - Symbian OS v9.3 an inganta shi don na'urorin 3G tare da tallafin WCDMA
    • Ƙirƙirar na'ura mai sassauƙa tare da Symbian OS - sassauƙan daidaitawa don ƙirƙirar wayoyin hannu ta hanyar zaɓar mahimman abubuwan da ake so na Symbian OS.
    • Tallafin WiFi:
    • Amfani da kamfani na WiFi
    • Muhimmin tushe don haɗin IP da aikace-aikacen motsi mai ɗaukar nauyi
    • HSDPA goyon baya
    • IPSec kayan haɓɓakawar UMA (VoIP)
    • Tallafin OS na asali don Tura Don Magana
    • Java JSR 248

    Babban haɓakawa a sigar 9.3 sama da 9.2 sune:

    • Taimakon WLAN na asali ne ga OS
    • Ingantattun bayanan fasaha
    • Sauƙaƙan tsarin kayan aikin Symbian don haɓaka haɓakawa
    • Ingantacciyar tsarin sa ido don sauƙin haɗa software
    • Ingantattun kayan aikin gwaji masu sauƙi waɗanda aka haɗa a cikin Symbian Verification Suite.

    Mai amfani na ƙarshe zai lura da haɓakawa a lokutan taya na'ura, sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, sauya app, da ƙari.

    Ana iya samun cikakkun bayanai na 9.2. da 9.3 na tsarin aiki a:

    Ina so in yi magana a kan wani yanayi guda ɗaya wanda bugu na 3 Feature Pack 1 yayi alkawari zai kawo wa s60.

    Ƙimar allo: FP1 da bayan ƙaddamar da tallafi don daidaitaccen ƙudurin 176 × 208 da ƙudurin dual 352 × 416, yayin da QVGA (320x240) ke zama daidaitattun yanzu. Anyi wannan da farko don sauƙaƙa rayuwa ga masu haɓakawa waɗanda dole ne su ƙirƙira aikace-aikacen allo tare da ma'auni daban-daban. Ba da daɗewa ba za a maye gurbin ƙudurin 352x416 da ƙudurin allo na HVGA (320x480) da VGA (640x480).Wadannan allon za su zama daidaitattun a nan gaba, kwamfutocin multimedia tare da allon VGA sun mamaye sashin farashi na sama, yayin da na'urori masu allon QVGA sun riga sun mamaye tsakiyar da ƙananan sassan kasuwar wayoyin hannu. Wani dalili na daidaitawa shine farashin da ba daidai ba, yarda, me yasa masana'antun ke buƙatar shi yayin da dandamali kuma za su iya tallafawa ƙudurin allo na yau da kullum waɗanda yawancin masana'antun wayoyin salula, wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa ke amfani da su?

    Tsarin S60 yana da sassauƙa sosai kuma masu lasisi na iya amfani da wasu shawarwari kuma suyi amfani da fasalin sikelin sikelin da aka gina a ciki. A matsayin misali, za mu iya buga wata na'urar da ba ta dace ba Nokia 5500, wacce ke da ƙudurin allo na 208x208 pixels. A wannan yanayin, masana'anta da kansa suna tilasta yin ƙarin ƙoƙari don gwada na'urar.

    Zai zama abin ban sha'awa a ɗauka cewa watakila Nokia na ƙoƙarin ƙaura daga manyan na'urori masu girma, suna haɓaka sabbin ƙudurin allo don amfani da su a cikin na'urori masu ƙananan girman allo na jiki, kuma, bisa ga haka, tare da ƙananan girma. Babu shakka, za mu ga ci gaba da ra'ayoyin yin amfani da ƙananan fuska a cikin wayoyin hannu (5500 (30x30 mm), E50 (30x40 mm)) a nan gaba, saboda a halin yanzu Nokia na fuskantar aikin rage wayowin komai da ruwan, da rage fasahar da aka gwada a ciki. na'urorin Nseries na sama.

    Nokia tana tallata 5500 ne kawai a matsayin waya kuma ƙila ba shi da cikakken tallafi ga aikace-aikacen ɓangare na uku, kuma S60 yana nan don haɗawa da OSS Browser, na'urar kiɗa da wasu ƙa'idodi a matsayin misali. Kuna iya karanta ƙarin game da abubuwan da ake buƙata don daidaitawa anan:

    Yanzu bari mu tabo babban batu, wato bangaren masarrafan wayoyin hannu bisa tsarin S60.

    Na dogon lokaci, wayoyin Nokia suna amfani da Texas Instruments OMAP 1710, mai sarrafa guntu guda ɗaya. Zai zama mai ban sha'awa don la'akari da manyan siffofinsa.

    TMS320C55x DSP core subsystem

    • Har zuwa 220 MHz (mafi girman mitar)
    • 32K x 16-bit akan-chip dual-access RAM (DARAM) (64 KB)
    • 48K x 16-bit akan-chip RAM mai shiga guda ɗaya (SARAM) (96 KB)
    • 24 KB I-cache
    • Umarori ɗaya/biyu ana aiwatar da su a kowane zagaye
    • Accelerators na kayan aikin bidiyo don DCT, iDCT, pixel interpolation, da kimanta motsi don matsawar bidiyo

    ARM926TEJ core subsystem

    • Har zuwa 220 MHz ARM926TEJ V5 gine (mafi girman mitar)
    • 32KB I-cache; 16KB D-cache
    • Acceleration Java
    • Tallafawa don 32-bit da 16-bit (yanayin babban yatsan hannu) saitin koyarwa
    • Bayanai da shirin MMUs
    • Masu shigar da fassarar guda 64 guda biyu (TLBs) don MMUs
    • Rubutun kalmomi 17

    Haɓakar Tsaro a cikin Hardware

    • Amintaccen bootloader
    • 48 kB na amintaccen ROM
    • 16 kB na amintaccen RAM
    • Haɓakar kayan aikin don matakan tsaro da janareta na lamba bazuwar
    • Tallafin ID na musamman na mutu
    • Laburaren Tsaro na software na ɓangare na uku

    Mai Kula da Traffic (TC)

    • 16-bit EMIFS ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
    • 16-bit EMIFF ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
    • Yana goyan bayan manyan tsarin aiki
    • DMA tare da tashoshi 4 na zahiri da na hankali 17 da ingin zane mai kwazo 2D
    • USB On-the-Go (OTG)
    • Mashigai na SD/MMC/SDIO biyu
    • Maɗaukakin sauri 3.68 MHz UARTs
    • Mai sarrafa I2C
    • Maɗaukakiyar sauri guda biyu 3.68 MHz UARTs
    • uWire
    • CompactFlash
    • Daidaitacce da ƙananan tashoshin kyamara
    • Ingantattun Binciken Matsaloli (ETM) don gyara kuskure
    • Azumin IrDA (FIR)
    • SPI
    • Mai sarrafa LCD

    Cikakken mai sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya don musaya zuwa:

    • 128 MB na wayar hannu SDRAM da wayar DDR
    • 256 MB Flash (don fashe, shirye-shirye NOR flash)

    OMAP 1710 Buɗaɗɗen Aikace-aikacen Wayar hannu ne tare da ARM core da DSP core yana gudana a 220MHz. Nau'insa na farko Nokia 6630 ya dogara ne akan na'urar sarrafa ARM926EJ-S, wanda ke da gine-ginen ARMv5TEJ. A cikin na'urorin da suka gabata dangane da S60 (FP1, Symbian 7.0s - 7610, 6670), core ARM925 yana da gine-ginen ARMv4T.

    An dade ana amfani da wannan guntu a cikin na'urori irin su 6630, 6680, N70, N80, N73 da sauran wayoyin hannu na N- da ESeries. Mitar aiki na 220 MHz a halin yanzu ba alama ce mai girma ga masu amfani ba, duk da haka, yuwuwar OMAP 1710 ba ta ƙare ba tukuna, kuma duk da kasancewar OMAP 2420, 2430, za mu ga wannan guntu na musamman a cikin da yawa na gaba. samfura. Gudun na'urorin da aka gina akan 1710 ya kasance a matakin yarda. Haɓaka aikin sabbin na'urorin da aka gina akan Symbian 9.1 idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda suka gabace su ya faru ne kawai saboda canje-canje a cikin OS ɗin kansa, maimakon a cikin kayan masarufi.

    A cikin Afrilu 2006, Nokia ta sanar da N93, wanda da alama an yi niyya don buɗe wani sabon ci gaba a tarihin wayoyin hannu. Shin haka ne, bari mu yi ƙoƙari mu gano shi. Halayen na'urar sarrafawa na wannan samfurin, TI OMAP 2420, suna da ban sha'awa sosai, sun fi ban sha'awa yayin haɓaka samfurin, wanda ya faru a cikin 2004. A wancan lokacin, kawai samfurin 2420 ya goyi bayan ayyukan da aka tsara na na'urar, wanda aka ba da mahimmanci wajen ingantawa wanda aka sanya akan rikodin bidiyo mai inganci. An sanar da OMAP 2420 a cikin 2004, kuma an fara amfani da shi a cikin na'urorin NTT DoCoMo na Jafananci (Panasonic P902i misali).

    OMAP 2420 ya haɗa da duk fa'idodin gine-ginen OMAP 2. Samfurin yana amfani da gine-ginen ARM11, ba kamar magabatan ARM9 da aka gina akan OMAP 1710. Guntu na 2420 yana da fasalin ARM1136JS-F (330MHz) processor core, TI TMS320C55x Digital Mai sarrafa siginar (DSP) (220MHz), akwai kuma 2D/3D MBX/VGP accelerator akan guntu. Ana bayyana haɓakawar multimedia ta hanyar ƙara hoto da na'urar hanzarin bidiyo, tallafi don kyamarori masu yawa (4+), fitarwar siginar da aka haɗa zuwa allon TV, rikodin bidiyo da sake kunnawa a MPEG4, ƙudurin VGA a firam 30 a sakan daya. p>

    Zaku iya karanta ƙarin bayani game da ƙayyadaddun bayanai anan.

    Abin sha'awa shine, Microsoft ya zaɓi na'urar OMAP 2420 don aiwatar da dandamali tare da ainihin ARM1136 da aka ambata a baya don Windows CE 6, amma wannan wani labari ne.

    Sanarwa na OMAP3 ya kawo jita-jita da tattaunawa game da na'urori na gaba waɗanda za su dogara da shi. Duk da haka, irin waɗannan fasalulluka sun kasance rikodin bidiyo mai ingancin DVD, haɗaɗɗiyar ISP (mai sarrafa siginar hoto) don sauri, mafi kyawun hoto, sautin 3D da zane na 3D wanda PowerVR MBX ya samar, da sauran abubuwan alheri da yawa.

    Amma a halin yanzu babu irin wannan kwarin gwiwa cewa Nokia za ta ci gaba da yin amfani da na'urar sarrafa OMAP 2420 da aka riga aka gwada a cikin N93 da ƙari. Kalamai da dama sun sa mu yi shakku kan ingancin alakar Nokia da TI. Waɗannan sun haɗa da sanarwar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Intel, Nokia, Symbian (Oktoba 2004), da kuma, mafi ban sha'awa, yarjejeniya daga baya tare da Freescale Semiconductor Inc don haɓaka na'urar da ta dogara da guntu guda-core Freescale MXC300-30 don ƙaddamarwa a cikin na biyu. rabin shekarar 2007. A bayyane yake, ba shi da tushe a yanzu don yin magana game da kowane irin ƙin haɗin gwiwa tare da TI, Nokia shine babban abokin ciniki, da sabbin kwakwalwan kwamfuta, kamar yadda ya kasance, alal misali, a cikin yanayin OMAP 2420, ya ƙunshi oda. daga Nokia.

    Tsarin MXC300-30 yana dogara ne akan ARM1136 processor core (aiki mita 532MHz), DSP StarCore ™ SC140e (250MHz), akwai mai saurin bidiyo, akwai tallafi ga HSDPA, wato, a ka'ida, halayen da zasu iya yiwuwa. na'urorin za su yi kama da na na'urorin da aka gina akan mafita daga TI.

    Mu yi la’akari da manyan halayen wannan guntu:

    • HSDPA 1.8 Mbps (DL) tallafi
    • Hadadden mai saurin bidiyo
    • Wireless:
    • A-GPS yana goyan bayan mu'amala da yanar gizo
    • WLAN 802.11a/b/g goyan bayan
    Babban fasalulluka yana kama da MXC300-30, amma haɓakar haɓakar aiki yana da sha'awar ayyukan caca, yawo bidiyo, taron taron bidiyo.

    Zaku iya ganin zanen toshe a ƙasa:

    Ana sa ran cewa wayoyin hannu na 3G da aka gina akan waɗannan dandamali na iya yin tsada ƙasa da $150. Yarjejeniyar za ta ba da damar mafita na Freescale don haɓaka haɓakar wayoyin hannu da ke nufin tsakiyar kasuwa.

    Yadda za a bayyana waɗannan yarjejeniyoyin, ba mu ɗauki alhakin yin hukunci ba, duk da haka, za mu yi zato wanda ya fi kusa da yiwuwar sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru. Ana sa ran sabon reshe na na'urori bisa Linux zai bayyana. Wannan na iya zama kamar ba zai yiwu ba ga wasu, amma Nokia ta riga ta sami gogewa a cikin kera na'urar ta Linux Nokia 770 kuma baya ga haka, gasa a cikin tsarin tsarin wayoyin hannu yana ƙaruwa, Motorola zai nuna layin na'urorin Linux gabaɗaya a cikin 2007, da Chipsps na Freescale. za a yi amfani da na'urorin da nufin yin gasa musamman tare da mafita daga Motorola.

    Taƙaita bayanan da ke cikin labarin, za mu yi zato da yawa game da na'urorin da kansu bisa tsarin S60:

    Girma: A nan gaba, muna sa ran miniaturization na samfura, gabatarwar na'urori a cikin N da ESeries tare da ma'auni na dijital 5x, 6x, wanda za a sauƙaƙe, amma a lokaci guda rage girman samfurin samfurin daga N8x, N9x jerin. Abin da muke la'akari da fasahar da za a iya samuwa kawai a cikin manyan na'urori masu mahimmanci wanda ke nufin ɓangaren kasuwar fasaha za su kasance a cikin na'urori masu tsaka-tsaki.

    Nuni: QVGA zai kasance mafi girman ƙuduri don nan gaba. Duk da cewa dandamali yana goyan bayan manyan ƙudurin allo (HVGA, VGA), na ƙarshe zai kasance gata na na'urori na ɓangaren farashi mafi girma, kamar ESeries E8x, E9x communicators.

    Ayyuka: Kasancewar mai haɓaka 3D zai zama gama gari, gami da a cikin samfura inda za a ba da fifiko kan ayyukan caca (wakili na farko shine N93); Matsakaicin ƙudurin kyamarar wannan shekara zai zama 5MP a cikin na'urar da za a gabatar da ita a ranar 26-28 ga Satumba, hotunanta sun kasance a baya - wannan sildiri biyu ne, N95. Hard Drive kuma Nokia za ta yi amfani da ita a cikin na'urorin da suka dogara da S60, musamman, samfurin N91 wanda zai gaje shi zai bayyana a daidai lokacin da N95, ƙarfin rumbun kwamfutarka a wannan yanayin zai zama 10 GB.

    Har ila yau, ya kamata a lura da irin wannan gaskiyar mai ban sha'awa kamar yarjejeniya tare da Samsung Electronics don fadada samar da kwakwalwan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na NAND, wanda zai ba da damar ginawa daga lokacin rani na 2007 model tare da ginanniyar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya daga 1 zuwa 8 GB. Samsung, ta hanyar, yana shirin fara kera kwakwalwan kwamfuta 8GB a karshen wannan shekara kuma, ba shakka, ba zai tsaya nan ba. 16GB flash memory chips za su kasance a farkon 2007, kuma tare da ci gaba da haɗin gwiwa tare da Nokia, na'urorin na 2007-2008 za su yi alfahari da ƙarin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya. Hakanan za a ci gaba da amfani da rumbun kwamfyuta, amma har yanzu za a ba da fifiko kan amfani da ƙwaƙwalwar NAND.

    Gabaɗaya, tsammanin dandamali na S60 yana da haske sosai; a cikin kwata na uku na 2005, na'urorin da ke kan S60 sun mamaye 58% na kasuwar wayoyin hannu. A nan gaba, inganta kayan aikin wayoyin hannu na Symbian, da kara yin aiki kan samar da aikace-aikacen da ke kunshe da daidaitattun na'urori, da rage girma, da rage farashin ci gaba zai haifar da karuwar jama'a.

    Amma, kamar yadda aka ambata, gasar tana da ƙarfi sosai a yanzu kuma za ta ƙara ƙaruwa a nan gaba. Wasu manazarta sun yi hasashen Linux OS da Windows OS a matsayin kyakkyawar makoma mai haske da mamaye Symbian OS nan da 2010. Ainihin, ta hanyar ƙoƙarce-ƙoƙarcen masana'anta ne ɗaya ko wani tsarin aiki ke samun farin jini. Na'urorin Motorola na gaba (da kuma na'urori na kasuwannin kasar Sin) sun shahara saboda saurin gudu, rashin amfani da wutar lantarki da kuma wasu fa'idodi, amma, rashin alheri, sun bambanta a cikin mahimmancin da ke rufe ga mai amfani na ƙarshe.Na'urori a kan Windows Mobile 5.0 za su sami ra'ayi daban-daban a cikin 2007, gagarumin ci gaba na ayyukan tarho, goyon baya ga HSDPA, AKU-3. Har yanzu ba a samar da dandalin UIQ da yawa ba, kuma duk ya dogara da 'yan wasan da ke amfani da shi. Babban ƙera na'urorin UIQ shine SonyEricsson, kuma a nan gaba za mu iya ganin faɗaɗa kasuwar na'urorin UIQ saboda sanya su a sassa da yawa lokaci guda, ba tare da ba da fifiko na musamman kan ayyukan wayar hannu ba. Mun riga muna ganin misalan irin wannan matsayi - waɗannan su ne M600i, W950i.

    Halin yana da ban sha'awa sosai, kuma kawai lura da kasuwannin wayoyin hannu da tsare-tsare na kamfanoni a cikin 2007 zai taimaka don ƙarin gano abubuwan da ke faruwa da haɓaka haɓakar manyan dandamali na wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa.

    Hakkokin haɓaka na'urori dangane da dandalin S60

    A matsayin gabatarwa, bari mu dan dakata kan tarihin daya daga cikin mafi yawan manhajojin wayar salula, Series60, ko, kamar yadda ake kira yanzu, S60. A cikin wannan mahallin, ana fahimtar dandali azaman ɓangaren software wanda ya haɗa duka kayan aikin tsarin, tsarin aiki, da saitin aikace-aikacen masu amfani. A ka'ida, duk samfuran Nokia da aka gina akan dandamali iri ɗaya suna da halayen kayan masarufi iri ɗaya (nau'in sarrafawa, mita, kewayawa), kodayake ana iya samun keɓancewa. Bambance-bambance a cikin kamara, girman ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, nau'in kati ba su da mahimmanci kuma yana iya kasancewa a kan tushe iri ɗaya.

    Kawo yanzu, mun ga manhajar (Editions) bugu uku ne, kuma idan an tashi daga wannan bugu zuwa waccan, za a iya canza nau’in manhajar Symbian, duk da cewa wannan ba sharadi ba ne. Don haka bugu na farko na dandalin ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v6.1, bugu na gaba ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v7.0s, bugu na uku kuma ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v9.1. Hakanan, azaman ƙari ga kowane bugu, akwai abubuwan da ake kira Fakitin Feature (FP), waɗanda ke kawo ƙarin ayyuka zuwa sigar dandamali. Kamar yadda muke iya gani, sigar tsarin aiki kuma na iya canzawa lokacin motsi daga wannan FP zuwa wani. Misali, bugu na biyu na dandamali ya ƙunshi FPs uku. Wannan batu za a taso dalla-dalla daga baya a cikin rubutu.

    Kafin mu fara la’akari da hasashen ci gaban dandali na S60, bari mu waiwayi wani batu na musamman da ke fuskantar masu amfani da wayoyin hannu na Symbian. An dade da sanin cewa duk wani aikace-aikacen da ke gudana akan na'urori dangane da bugu na biyu kuma a baya ba za a tallafa musu ba a yanzu. Gabatar da tsarin gine-ginen Binary Interface (ABI) na aikace-aikacen ARM ya haifar da kammala rashin daidaituwa na aikace-aikace tare da sabon sigar OS (The Binary Compatibility Break). Wannan yana nufin cewa za a buƙaci sake haɗa aikace-aikacen ta amfani da saitin kayan aikin daban. A wannan lokacin, ga wasu, wannan abin tuntuɓe ne yayin sauyawa daga na'urori zuwa S60 2nd Edition misali. Kasancewar hakan ba zai faru ba lokacin da aka ƙaura daga bugu na uku zuwa bugu na gaba zai iya zama tabbaci, sun dace.

    Bugu na uku yana amfani da sigar Symbian OS 9.1, wacce aka sabunta ta gaba daya, EKA 2 (EPOC Kernel Architecture 2). Bambanci shine goyon baya na ainihi - wannan yana ba ku damar ƙirƙirar aikace-aikacen da ke da mahimmanci ga lokacin aiwatarwa, kamar VoIP.

    Ga masu haɓakawa, amfani da sabon mai tarawa yana taka rawa sosai, da kuma ingantawa da suka shafi ƙirar tsaro da aka yi amfani da su. Musamman ma, an gabatar da manufar ƙwararrun aikace-aikace, waɗanda za su iya samun cikakkiyar damar yin amfani da APIs guda ɗaya (kusan APIs 40 sun zama samuwa, wanda ke ba da damar haɓaka kowane nau'in aikace-aikacen).

    Don ƙarin bayani kan jerin APIs, bayyani na daidaitattun aikace-aikace da sauran cikakkun bayanai masu alaƙa da wannan canjin, muna ba ku a cikin wannan labarin:

    Mu ci gaba zuwa wani al'amari mai ban sha'awa, wato, canjin kayan masarufi da ake goyan bayan matakin OS. Waɗannan tallafi ne ga WLAN (Wi-Fi), SD, miniSD, katunan MicroSD, goyan bayan maɓallan madannai na QWERTY.

    Gabaɗaya, don fahimtar yadda aka gina gine-ginen dandalin S60, kawai ku duba hoton da ke ƙasa:

    Ba za mu tsaya a kan bayanin kowane kashi dalla-dalla ba, za mu lissafta wasu daga cikinsu ne kawai:

    • Symbian OS Extensions wani tsari ne na tsarin da ke ba da damar dandalin S60 don yin hulɗa tare da fasalin abubuwan kayan masarufi, kamar faɗakarwar girgiza, yanayin cajin baturi, da sauransu.
    • S60 Platform Services sune muhimman ayyukan da dandamali ke bayarwa. Sun haɗa da:
      • Sabis Tsarin Tsarin Aikace-aikacen - ba da damar asali don gudanar da aikace-aikace da ayyuka, abubuwan haɗin haɗin mai amfani.
      • Sabis na Tsarin Tsarin UI - suna ba da takamaiman nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin UI da ayyukan taron.
      • Sabis na Hotuna - samar da wurare don ƙirƙirar zane da zana su akan allo.
      • Sabis na Wura - ba da damar dandamali don "san" wurin da na'urar take.
      • Sabis na tushen Yanar Gizo - sun haɗa da sabis don kafa haɗin gwiwa, hulɗa tare da ayyukan WEB, gami da bincike, zazzage fayiloli.
      • Sabis na Multimedia - suna ba da damar sake kunna bidiyo da sauti, da kuma tantance magana.

      Ba shi da ma'ana a bayyana ma'anar kowane abu, kuma waɗanda suke da sha'awar gaske za su iya karanta takaddun fasaha a www.forum.nokia.com

      Tsarin S60 yana ƙayyade salon mai amfani (UI) da APIs, amma ba ya ƙayyade girman allo ta atomatik (ƙuduri) ko hanyoyin shigarwa. Masu masana'anta suna da 'yanci don amfani da nasu UI, amma ana buƙatar masu haɓakawa suyi amfani da ma'auni mai ƙima a cikin aikace-aikacen su (don ƙudurin allo daban-daban).

      Misali, ɗayan mafi kyawun abubuwan ban sha'awa waɗanda fakitin 3 ya kawo wa S60 2nd Edition shine goyan bayan UI mai daidaitawa (don ƙudurin allo na 176 x 208, 240 x 320, da 352 x 416 pixels). p> An tsara sanarwar na'urorin dangane da S60 3rd Edition, Feature Pack 1, don Satumba 26-28 na wannan shekara, kuma babban ƙari ga FP1 sune kamar haka:

      • Sabuntawa na kan-da-iska (FOTA), firmware kan-iska. Yana da kyau a lura cewa Nokia 6131, bisa tushen tsarin 40 hardware da dandamali na software, yana goyan bayan sabunta firmware ta iska, yayin da na'urori masu ci gaba, wayoyi, kawai yanzu suna samun wannan dama. Banda samfurin N80, wayar tana goyan bayan FOTA, amma kafin sigar ta 4 ta software kuma ba ta iya isa ga yawancin masu amfani da ita. Yana yiwuwa a yi walƙiya na'urar a gida, amma, ba shakka, yana buƙatar kayan aiki na musamman, kuma, haka ma, ta ɓata garantin na'urar ta atomatik. A halin yanzu, Nokia ta fara haɓaka sabis na na'urori masu walƙiya a gida, ta hanyar kebul ɗin da ke zuwa tare da kit, ta ƙetare ayyukan cibiyoyin sabis: http://www.nokia.co.uk/softwareupdate

      A halin yanzu, ana tallafawa na'urorin bugu na biyu, 6680, N72, da dai sauransu, amma na ɗan lokaci, a cikin Satumba, ana shirin tallafawa na'urori a bugu na uku. Don rashin gamsuwar masu samfurin N90, ba a sa ran sabunta wannan na'urar.

      • Sabuwar Buɗaɗɗen Tushen Software (OSS) Browser. Cikakken bayyani na mai binciken, aikin wanda ɗan ɗan wuce sigar Opera na yanzu (tare da adadin ajiyar kuɗi, ba shakka, alal misali, irin wannan fa'idodin Opera masu dacewa kamar ja cikin shafi ɗaya, jerin kalmomin shiga, sunan yankin auto- zaɓi, gajerun hanyoyin dijital waɗanda ba sa cikin OSS Browser), kuna iya karanta a nan:
      • Ingantattun keɓancewar mu'amala don masu aiki da masu lasisi tare da sabuntar iska.
      • Na zaɓi - Macromedia Flash Lite 2 daga Adobe.
      • Zaɓuɓɓukan daidaitawa don baiwa masu lasisin S60 damar gina injuna tare da ƙaramin farashi na farko.
        API ɗin Jerin Abubuwan Abubuwan Gallery.
      • Ganewar Halayen Na gani API.
      • Ma'ajin Sanarwa na Ma'ajiya ta Tsakiya API.
      • API ɗin Injin Bayanan Bayani. API ɗin Yanayin allo.
      • OpenGL V1.1 API (An sabunta).
      • Telnet API.
      • App Framework Animation API.
      • OBEX API (an sabunta).
      • OBEX MTM API (an sabunta).

      Sabuwar Java™ APIs sun haɗa da:

      • Advanced Multimedia Supplements (AMMS) API (JSR-234).
      • Scalable Vector Graphics 2D API (JSR-226).
      • API ɗin 3D na Wayar hannu (M3G) don J2ME™ v1.1 (JSR-184) (an sabunta).
      Kuna iya karanta cikakken bayani akan FP1 nan:

      Ya kamata a yi magana ta musamman game da ƙirar Bluetooth da ake amfani da ita a cikin ƙirar Nokia. Guntu daga Murata Manufacturing (mai ba da kayayyaki ga Nokia kuma na biyu a cikin kasuwar ƙirar Bluetooth) yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyau a cikin aji. Amma a cikin na'urori, ba mu ga goyon baya ga adadi mai yawa na ƙayyadaddun bayanai waɗanda suka dace da ƙirar nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i) ga. Ya dade a bayyane cewa wannan iyakance ne kawai na sigar OS na yanzu. Mafi mahimmanci, rashin bayanin martabar A2DP (Advanced Audio Distribution Profile) ya haifar da rashin gamsuwa, wanda za'a iya fahimta, saboda baya barin amfani da Bluetooth don fitar da sauti daga wayar zuwa na'urar kai mara waya, belun kunne, sitiriyo mota.

      A cikin Symbian 9.2, babban canjin da ke da alaƙa da Bluetooth shine sabon tallafi don bayanin martabar A2DP, da kuma bayanan sarrafa bayanan (waƙar kiɗa, sake kunna bidiyo, da sauransu).

      Waɗannan na'urori masu zuwa za su dogara ne akan nau'ikan tsarin aiki na 9.2 da 9.3. Har yanzu ba a iya cewa da cikakken tabbacin wace sigar za ta zama tushen FP1 ba, a maimakon haka, Symbian 9.2 ce, yayin da FP2 za ta dogara ne akan nau'in 9.3 (an tattauna bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin waɗannan nau'ikan a ƙasa).

      Bari mu jera manyan abubuwansu:

        Tsaron dandali hanya ce ta kariyar tsarin bisa la'akari da ƙididdigewa da lura da damar aikace-aikacen. Bugu da kari, ana aiwatar da ɓoyayyen takaddun shaida da gudanarwa, HTTPS, SSL da TLS ƙa'idodin tsaro ana aiwatar da su.
      • Cikakken goyon bayan Java - goyan bayan sabbin ka'idojin Java, gami da CLDC 1.1, MIDP 2.0, JTWI (JSR185), API ɗin Watsa Labarai ta Waya (JSR135), Bluetooth (JSR082), Saƙon Mara waya (JSR120), Wayar hannu 3D Graphics API (JSR184) ), Gudanarwar Bayanin Keɓaɓɓu da APIs FileGCF (JSR075), da API ɗin Gudanar da Abun ciki (JSR 211).
      • https://cars45.com.gh/cXKzidXgFPsrv2N3LVkXqBfS ainihin lokaci da ba da damar aiwatar da zaren da yawa lokaci guda, yana ba da damar tallafawa lokaci guda. -core architecture.
      • Tallafawa don sabbin kayan masarufi - goyan bayan sabbin gine-ginen CPU, na'urorin waje, nau'ikan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na ciki da na waje.
      • Mafi kyawun zane-hanyoyi kai tsaye zuwa allon fuska da maɓallan madannai, API ɗin mai haɓaka zane-zane, haɓaka sassauƙan UI (goyon baya don daidaitawar allo daban-daban - shimfidar wuri, hoto, ƙuduri iri-iri).
      • An inganta don wayoyin hannu - Symbian OS v9.3 an inganta shi don na'urorin 3G tare da tallafin WCDMA
      • Ƙirƙirar na'ura mai sassauƙa tare da Symbian OS - sassauƙan daidaitawa don ƙirƙirar wayoyin hannu ta hanyar zaɓar mahimman abubuwan da ake so na Symbian OS.
      • Tallafin WiFi:
      • Amfani da kamfani na WiFi
      • Muhimmin tushe don haɗin IP da aikace-aikacen motsi mai ɗaukar nauyi
      • HSDPA goyon baya
      • IPSec kayan haɓɓakawar UMA (VoIP)
      • Tallafin OS na asali don Tura Don Magana
      • Java JSR 248

      Babban haɓakawa a sigar 9.3 sama da 9.2 sune:

      • Taimakon WLAN na asali ne ga OS
      • Ingantattun bayanan fasaha
      • Sauƙaƙan tsarin kayan aikin Symbian don haɓaka haɓakawa
      • Ingantacciyar tsarin sa ido don sauƙin haɗa software
      • Ingantattun kayan aikin gwaji masu sauƙi waɗanda aka haɗa a cikin Symbian Verification Suite.

      Mai amfani na ƙarshe zai lura da haɓakawa a lokutan taya na'ura, sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, sauya app, da ƙari.

      Ana iya samun cikakkun bayanai na 9.2. da 9.3 na tsarin aiki a:

      Ina so in yi magana a kan wani yanayi guda ɗaya wanda bugu na 3 Feature Pack 1 yayi alkawari zai kawo wa s60.

      Ƙimar allo: FP1 da bayan ƙaddamar da tallafi don daidaitaccen ƙudurin 176 × 208 da ƙudurin dual 352 × 416, yayin da QVGA (320x240) ke zama daidaitattun yanzu. Anyi wannan da farko don sauƙaƙa rayuwa ga masu haɓakawa waɗanda dole ne su ƙirƙira aikace-aikacen allo tare da ma'auni daban-daban. Ba da daɗewa ba za a maye gurbin ƙudurin 352x416 da ƙudurin allo na HVGA (320x480) da VGA (640x480).Wadannan allon za su zama daidaitattun a nan gaba, kwamfutocin multimedia tare da allon VGA sun mamaye sashin farashi na sama, yayin da na'urori masu allon QVGA sun riga sun mamaye tsakiyar da ƙananan sassan kasuwar wayoyin hannu. Wani dalili na daidaitawa shine farashin da ba daidai ba, yarda, me yasa masana'antun ke buƙatar shi yayin da dandamali kuma za su iya tallafawa ƙudurin allo na yau da kullum waɗanda yawancin masana'antun wayoyin salula, wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa ke amfani da su?

      Tsarin S60 yana da sassauƙa sosai kuma masu lasisi na iya amfani da wasu shawarwari kuma suyi amfani da fasalin sikelin sikelin da aka gina a ciki. A matsayin misali, za mu iya buga wata na'urar da ba ta dace ba Nokia 5500, wacce ke da ƙudurin allo na 208x208 pixels. A wannan yanayin, masana'anta da kansa suna tilasta yin ƙarin ƙoƙari don gwada na'urar.

      Zai zama abin ban sha'awa a ɗauka cewa watakila Nokia na ƙoƙarin ƙaura daga manyan na'urori masu girma, suna haɓaka sabbin ƙudurin allo don amfani da su a cikin na'urori masu ƙananan girman allo na jiki, kuma, bisa ga haka, tare da ƙananan girma. Babu shakka, za mu ga ci gaba da ra'ayoyin yin amfani da ƙananan fuska a cikin wayoyin hannu (5500 (30x30 mm), E50 (30x40 mm)) a nan gaba, saboda a halin yanzu Nokia na fuskantar aikin rage wayowin komai da ruwan, da rage fasahar da aka gwada a ciki. na'urorin Nseries na sama.

      Nokia tana tallata 5500 ne kawai a matsayin waya kuma ƙila ba shi da cikakken tallafi ga aikace-aikacen ɓangare na uku, kuma S60 yana nan don haɗawa da OSS Browser, na'urar kiɗa da wasu ƙa'idodi a matsayin misali. Kuna iya karanta ƙarin game da abubuwan da ake buƙata don daidaitawa anan:

      Yanzu bari mu tabo babban batu, wato bangaren masarrafan wayoyin hannu bisa tsarin S60.

      Na dogon lokaci, wayoyin Nokia suna amfani da Texas Instruments OMAP 1710, mai sarrafa guntu guda ɗaya. Zai zama mai ban sha'awa don la'akari da manyan siffofinsa.

      TMS320C55x DSP core subsystem

      • Har zuwa 220 MHz (mafi girman mitar)
      • 32K x 16-bit akan-chip dual-access RAM (DARAM) (64 KB)
      • 48K x 16-bit akan-chip RAM mai shiga guda ɗaya (SARAM) (96 KB)
      • 24 KB I-cache
      • Umarori ɗaya/biyu ana aiwatar da su a kowane zagaye
      • Accelerators na kayan aikin bidiyo don DCT, iDCT, pixel interpolation, da kimanta motsi don matsawar bidiyo

      ARM926TEJ core subsystem

      • Har zuwa 220 MHz ARM926TEJ V5 gine (mafi girman mitar)
      • 32KB I-cache; 16KB D-cache
      • Acceleration Java
      • Tallafawa don 32-bit da 16-bit (yanayin babban yatsan hannu) saitin koyarwa
      • Bayanai da shirin MMUs
      • Masu shigar da fassarar guda 64 guda biyu (TLBs) don MMUs
      • Rubutun kalmomi 17

      Haɓakar Tsaro a cikin Hardware

      • Amintaccen bootloader
      • 48 kB na amintaccen ROM
      • 16 kB na amintaccen RAM
      • Haɓakar kayan aikin don matakan tsaro da janareta na lamba bazuwar
      • Tallafin ID na musamman na mutu
      • Laburaren Tsaro na software na ɓangare na uku

      Mai Kula da Traffic (TC)

      • 16-bit EMIFS ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
      • 16-bit EMIFF ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
      • Yana goyan bayan manyan tsarin aiki
      • DMA tare da tashoshi 4 na zahiri da na hankali 17 da ingin zane mai kwazo 2D
      • USB On-the-Go (OTG)
      • Mashigai na SD/MMC/SDIO biyu
      • Maɗaukakin sauri 3.68 MHz UARTs
      • Mai sarrafa I2C
      • Maɗaukakiyar sauri guda biyu 3.68 MHz UARTs
      • uWire
      • CompactFlash
      • Daidaitacce da ƙananan tashoshin kyamara
      • Ingantattun Binciken Matsaloli (ETM) don gyara kuskure
      • Azumin IrDA (FIR)
      • SPI
      • Mai sarrafa LCD

      Cikakken mai sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya don musaya zuwa:

      • 128 MB na wayar hannu SDRAM da wayar DDR
      • 256 MB Flash (don fashe, shirye-shirye NOR flash)

      OMAP 1710 Buɗaɗɗen Aikace-aikacen Wayar hannu ne tare da ARM core da DSP core yana gudana a 220MHz. Nau'insa na farko Nokia 6630 ya dogara ne akan na'urar sarrafa ARM926EJ-S, wanda ke da gine-ginen ARMv5TEJ. A cikin na'urorin da suka gabata dangane da S60 (FP1, Symbian 7.0s - 7610, 6670), core ARM925 yana da gine-ginen ARMv4T.

      An dade ana amfani da wannan guntu a cikin na'urori irin su 6630, 6680, N70, N80, N73 da sauran wayoyin hannu na N- da ESeries. Mitar aiki na 220 MHz a halin yanzu ba alama ce mai girma ga masu amfani ba, duk da haka, yuwuwar OMAP 1710 ba ta ƙare ba tukuna, kuma duk da kasancewar OMAP 2420, 2430, za mu ga wannan guntu na musamman a cikin da yawa na gaba. samfura. Gudun na'urorin da aka gina akan 1710 ya kasance a matakin yarda. Haɓaka aikin sabbin na'urorin da aka gina akan Symbian 9.1 idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda suka gabace su ya faru ne kawai saboda canje-canje a cikin OS ɗin kansa, maimakon a cikin kayan masarufi.

      A cikin Afrilu 2006, Nokia ta sanar da N93, wanda da alama an yi niyya don buɗe wani sabon ci gaba a tarihin wayoyin hannu. Shin haka ne, bari mu yi ƙoƙari mu gano shi. Halayen na'urar sarrafawa na wannan samfurin, TI OMAP 2420, suna da ban sha'awa sosai, sun fi ban sha'awa yayin haɓaka samfurin, wanda ya faru a cikin 2004. A wancan lokacin, kawai samfurin 2420 ya goyi bayan ayyukan da aka tsara na na'urar, wanda aka ba da mahimmanci wajen ingantawa wanda aka sanya akan rikodin bidiyo mai inganci. An sanar da OMAP 2420 a cikin 2004, kuma an fara amfani da shi a cikin na'urorin NTT DoCoMo na Jafananci (Panasonic P902i misali).

      OMAP 2420 ya haɗa da duk fa'idodin gine-ginen OMAP 2. Samfurin yana amfani da gine-ginen ARM11, ba kamar magabatan ARM9 da aka gina akan OMAP 1710. Guntu na 2420 yana da fasalin ARM1136JS-F (330MHz) processor core, TI TMS320C55x Digital Mai sarrafa siginar (DSP) (220MHz), akwai kuma 2D/3D MBX/VGP accelerator akan guntu. Ana bayyana haɓakawa na multimedia ta hanyar ƙara hoto da mai haɓaka bidiyo, tallafi don kyamarori masu yawa (4+), fitarwar siginar da aka haɗa zuwa allon TV, rikodin bidiyo da sake kunnawa a MPEG4, ƙudurin VGA a firam 30 a sakan daya.

      Zaku iya karanta ƙarin bayani game da ƙayyadaddun bayanai anan.

      Abin sha'awa shine, Microsoft ya zaɓi na'urar OMAP 2420 don aiwatar da dandamali tare da ainihin ARM1136 da aka ambata a baya don Windows CE 6, amma wannan wani labari ne.

      Sanarwa na OMAP3 ya kawo jita-jita da tattaunawa game da na'urori na gaba waɗanda za su dogara da shi. Duk da haka, irin waɗannan fasalulluka sun kasance rikodin bidiyo mai ingancin DVD, haɗaɗɗiyar ISP (mai sarrafa siginar hoto) don sauri, mafi kyawun hoto, sautin 3D da zane na 3D wanda PowerVR MBX ya samar, da sauran abubuwan alheri da yawa.

      Amma a halin yanzu babu irin wannan kwarin gwiwa cewa Nokia za ta ci gaba da yin amfani da na'urar sarrafa OMAP 2420 da aka riga aka gwada a cikin N93 da ƙari. Kalamai da dama sun sa mu yi shakku kan ingancin alakar Nokia da TI. Waɗannan sun haɗa da sanarwar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Intel, Nokia, Symbian (Oktoba 2004), da kuma, mafi ban sha'awa, yarjejeniya daga baya tare da Freescale Semiconductor Inc don haɓaka na'urar da ta dogara da guntu guda-core Freescale MXC300-30 don ƙaddamarwa a cikin na biyu. rabin shekarar 2007. A bayyane yake, ba shi da tushe a yanzu don yin magana game da kowane irin ƙin haɗin gwiwa tare da TI, Nokia shine babban abokin ciniki, da sabbin kwakwalwan kwamfuta, kamar yadda ya kasance, alal misali, a cikin yanayin OMAP 2420, ya ƙunshi oda. daga Nokia.

      Tsarin MXC300-30 yana dogara ne akan ARM1136 processor core (aiki mita 532MHz), DSP StarCore ™ SC140e (250MHz), akwai mai saurin bidiyo, akwai tallafi ga HSDPA, wato, a ka'ida, halayen da zasu iya yiwuwa. na'urorin za su yi kama da na na'urorin da aka gina akan mafita daga TI.

      Mu yi la’akari da manyan halayen wannan guntu:

      • HSDPA 1.8 Mbps (DL) tallafi
      • Hadadden mai saurin bidiyo
      • Wireless:
      • A-GPS yana goyan bayan mu'amala da yanar gizo
      • WLAN 802.11a/b/g goyan bayan
      Babban fasalulluka yana kama da MXC300-30, amma haɓakar haɓakar aiki yana da sha'awar ayyukan caca, yawo bidiyo, taron taron bidiyo.

      Zaku iya ganin zanen toshe a ƙasa:

      Ana sa ran cewa wayoyin hannu na 3G da aka gina akan waɗannan dandamali na iya yin tsada ƙasa da $150. Yarjejeniyar za ta ba da damar mafita na Freescale don haɓaka haɓakar wayoyin hannu da ke nufin tsakiyar kasuwa.

      Yadda za a bayyana waɗannan yarjejeniyoyin, ba mu ɗauki alhakin yin hukunci ba, duk da haka, za mu yi zato wanda ya fi kusa da yiwuwar sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru. Ana sa ran sabon reshe na na'urori bisa Linux zai bayyana. Wannan na iya zama kamar ba zai yiwu ba ga wasu, amma Nokia ta riga ta sami gogewa a cikin kera na'urar ta Linux Nokia 770 kuma baya ga haka, gasa a cikin tsarin tsarin wayoyin hannu yana ƙaruwa, Motorola zai nuna layin na'urorin Linux gabaɗaya a cikin 2007, da Chipsps na Freescale. za a yi amfani da na'urorin da nufin yin gasa musamman tare da mafita daga Motorola.

      Taƙaita bayanan da ke cikin labarin, za mu yi zato da yawa game da na'urorin da kansu bisa tsarin S60:

      Girma: A nan gaba, muna sa ran miniaturization na samfura, gabatarwar na'urori a cikin N da ESeries tare da ma'auni na dijital 5x, 6x, wanda za a sauƙaƙe, amma a lokaci guda rage girman samfurin samfurin daga N8x, N9x jerin. Abin da muke la'akari da fasahar da za a iya samuwa kawai a cikin manyan na'urori masu mahimmanci wanda ke nufin ɓangaren kasuwar fasaha za su kasance a cikin na'urori masu tsaka-tsaki.

      Nuni: QVGA zai kasance mafi girman ƙuduri don nan gaba. Duk da cewa dandamali yana goyan bayan manyan ƙudurin allo (HVGA, VGA), na ƙarshe zai kasance gata na na'urori na ɓangaren farashi mafi girma, kamar ESeries E8x, E9x communicators.

      Ayyuka: Kasancewar mai haɓaka 3D zai zama gama gari, gami da a cikin samfura inda za a ba da fifiko kan ayyukan caca (wakili na farko shine N93); Matsakaicin ƙudurin kyamarar wannan shekara zai zama 5MP a cikin na'urar da za a gabatar da ita a ranar 26-28 ga Satumba, hotunanta sun kasance a baya - wannan sildiri biyu ne, N95. Hard Drive kuma Nokia za ta yi amfani da ita a cikin na'urorin da suka dogara da S60, musamman, samfurin N91 wanda zai gaje shi zai bayyana a daidai lokacin da N95, ƙarfin rumbun kwamfutarka a wannan yanayin zai zama 10 GB.

      Har ila yau, ya kamata a lura da irin wannan gaskiyar mai ban sha'awa kamar yarjejeniya tare da Samsung Electronics don fadada samar da kwakwalwan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na NAND, wanda zai ba da damar ginawa daga lokacin rani na 2007 model tare da ginanniyar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya daga 1 zuwa 8 GB. Samsung, ta hanyar, yana shirin fara kera kwakwalwan kwamfuta 8GB a karshen wannan shekara kuma, ba shakka, ba zai tsaya nan ba. 16GB flash memory chips za su kasance a farkon 2007, kuma tare da ci gaba da haɗin gwiwa tare da Nokia, na'urorin na 2007-2008 za su yi alfahari da ƙarin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya. Hakanan za a ci gaba da amfani da rumbun kwamfyuta, amma har yanzu za a ba da fifiko kan amfani da ƙwaƙwalwar NAND.

      Gabaɗaya, tsammanin dandamali na S60 yana da haske sosai; a cikin kwata na uku na 2005, na'urorin da ke kan S60 sun mamaye 58% na kasuwar wayoyin hannu. A nan gaba, inganta kayan aikin wayoyin hannu na Symbian, da kara yin aiki kan samar da aikace-aikacen da ke kunshe da daidaitattun na'urori, da rage girma, da rage farashin ci gaba zai haifar da karuwar jama'a.

      Amma, kamar yadda aka ambata, gasar tana da ƙarfi sosai a yanzu kuma za ta ƙara ƙaruwa a nan gaba. Wasu manazarta sun yi hasashen Linux OS da Windows OS a matsayin kyakkyawar makoma mai haske da mamaye Symbian OS nan da 2010. Ainihin, ta hanyar ƙoƙarce-ƙoƙarcen masana'anta ne ɗaya ko wani tsarin aiki ke samun farin jini. Na'urorin Motorola na gaba (da kuma na'urori na kasuwannin kasar Sin) sun shahara saboda saurin gudu, rashin amfani da wutar lantarki da kuma wasu fa'idodi, amma, rashin alheri, sun bambanta a cikin mahimmancin da ke rufe ga mai amfani na ƙarshe.Na'urori a kan Windows Mobile 5.0 za su sami ra'ayi daban-daban a cikin 2007, gagarumin ci gaba na ayyukan tarho, goyon baya ga HSDPA, AKU-3. Har yanzu ba a samar da dandalin UIQ da yawa ba, kuma duk ya dogara da 'yan wasan da ke amfani da shi. Babban ƙera na'urorin UIQ shine SonyEricsson, kuma a nan gaba za mu iya ganin faɗaɗa kasuwar na'urorin UIQ saboda sanya su a sassa da yawa lokaci guda, ba tare da ba da fifiko na musamman kan ayyukan wayar hannu ba. Mun riga muna ganin misalan irin wannan matsayi - waɗannan su ne M600i, W950i.

      Halin yana da ban sha'awa sosai, kuma kawai lura da kasuwar wayoyin hannu da tsare-tsare na kamfanoni a cikin 2007 zai taimaka don ƙarin gano abubuwan da ke faruwa da haɓaka haɓakar manyan dandamali na wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa.

      Hakkokin haɓaka na'urori dangane da dandalin S60

      A matsayin gabatarwa, bari mu dan dakata kan tarihin daya daga cikin mafi yawan manhajojin wayar salula, Series60, ko, kamar yadda ake kira yanzu, S60. A cikin wannan mahallin, ana fahimtar dandali azaman ɓangaren software wanda ya haɗa duka kayan aikin tsarin, tsarin aiki, da saitin aikace-aikacen masu amfani. A ka'ida, duk samfuran Nokia da aka gina akan dandamali iri ɗaya suna da halayen kayan masarufi iri ɗaya (nau'in sarrafawa, mita, kewayawa), kodayake ana iya samun keɓancewa. Bambance-bambance a cikin kamara, girman ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, nau'in kati ba su da mahimmanci kuma yana iya kasancewa a kan tushe iri ɗaya.

      Kawo yanzu dai mun ga manhajar (Editions) bugu uku ne, kuma idan an tashi daga wannan bugu zuwa waccan, za a iya canza nau’in manhajar Symbian, duk da cewa wannan ba wani sharadi ba ne. Don haka bugu na farko na dandalin ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v6.1, bugu na gaba ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v7.0s, bugu na uku kuma ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v9.1. Hakanan, azaman ƙari ga kowane bugu, akwai abubuwan da ake kira Fakitin Feature (FP), waɗanda ke kawo ƙarin ayyuka zuwa sigar dandamali. Kamar yadda muke iya gani, sigar tsarin aiki kuma na iya canzawa lokacin motsi daga wannan FP zuwa wani. Misali, bugu na biyu na dandamali ya ƙunshi FPs uku. Wannan batu za a taso dalla-dalla daga baya a cikin rubutu.

      Kafin mu fara la’akari da hasashen ci gaban dandali na S60, bari mu waiwayi wani batu na musamman da ke fuskantar masu amfani da wayoyin hannu na Symbian. An dade da sanin cewa duk wani aikace-aikacen da ke gudana akan na'urori dangane da bugu na biyu kuma a baya ba za a tallafa musu ba a yanzu. Gabatar da tsarin gine-ginen Binary Interface (ABI) na aikace-aikacen ARM ya haifar da kammala rashin daidaituwa na aikace-aikace tare da sabon sigar OS (The Binary Compatibility Break). Wannan yana nufin cewa za a buƙaci sake haɗa aikace-aikacen ta amfani da saitin kayan aikin daban. A wannan lokacin, ga wasu, wannan abin tuntuɓe ne yayin sauyawa daga na'urori zuwa S60 2nd Edition misali. Kasancewar hakan ba zai faru ba lokacin da aka ƙaura daga bugu na uku zuwa bugu na gaba zai iya zama tabbaci, sun dace.

      Bugu na uku yana amfani da sigar Symbian OS 9.1, wacce aka sabunta ta gaba daya, EKA 2 (EPOC Kernel Architecture 2). Bambanci shine goyon baya na ainihi - wannan yana ba ku damar ƙirƙirar aikace-aikacen da ke da mahimmanci ga lokacin aiwatarwa, kamar VoIP.

      Ga masu haɓakawa, amfani da sabon mai tarawa yana taka rawa sosai, da kuma ingantawa da suka shafi ƙirar tsaro da aka yi amfani da su. Musamman ma, an gabatar da manufar ƙwararrun aikace-aikace, waɗanda za su iya samun cikakkiyar damar yin amfani da APIs guda ɗaya (kusan APIs 40 sun zama samuwa, wanda ke ba da damar haɓaka kowane nau'in aikace-aikacen).

      Don ƙarin bayani kan jerin APIs, bayyani na daidaitattun aikace-aikace da sauran cikakkun bayanai masu alaƙa da wannan canjin, muna ba ku a cikin wannan labarin:

      Mu ci gaba zuwa wani al'amari mai ban sha'awa, wato, canjin kayan masarufi da ake goyan bayan matakin OS. Waɗannan tallafi ne ga WLAN (Wi-Fi), SD, miniSD, katunan MicroSD, goyan bayan maɓallan madannai na QWERTY.

      Gabaɗaya, don fahimtar yadda aka gina gine-ginen dandalin S60, kawai ku duba hoton da ke ƙasa:

      Ba za mu tsaya a kan bayanin kowane kashi dalla-dalla ba, za mu lissafta wasu daga cikinsu ne kawai:

      • Symbian OS Extensions wani tsari ne na tsarin da ke ba da damar dandalin S60 don yin hulɗa tare da fasalin abubuwan kayan masarufi, kamar faɗakarwar girgiza, yanayin cajin baturi, da sauransu.
      • S60 Platform Services sune muhimman ayyukan da dandamali ke bayarwa. Sun haɗa da:
        • Sabis Tsarin Tsarin Aikace-aikacen - ba da damar asali don gudanar da aikace-aikace da ayyuka, abubuwan haɗin haɗin mai amfani.
        • Sabis na Tsarin Tsarin UI - suna ba da takamaiman nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin UI da ayyukan taron.
        • Sabis na Hotuna - samar da wurare don ƙirƙirar zane da zana su akan allo.
        • Sabis na Wura - ba da damar dandamali don "san" wurin da na'urar take.
        • Sabis na tushen Yanar Gizo - sun haɗa da sabis don kafa haɗin gwiwa, hulɗa tare da ayyukan WEB, gami da bincike, zazzage fayiloli.
        • Sabis na Multimedia - suna ba da damar sake kunna bidiyo da sauti, da kuma tantance magana.

        Ba shi da ma'ana a bayyana ma'anar kowane abu, kuma waɗanda suke da sha'awar gaske za su iya karanta takaddun fasaha a www.forum.nokia.com

        Tsarin S60 yana ƙayyade salon mai amfani (UI) da APIs, amma ba ya ƙayyade girman allo ta atomatik (ƙuduri) ko hanyoyin shigarwa. Masu masana'anta suna da 'yanci don amfani da nasu UI, amma ana buƙatar masu haɓakawa suyi amfani da ma'auni mai ƙima a cikin aikace-aikacen su (don ƙudurin allo daban-daban).

        Misali, ɗayan mafi kyawun abubuwan ban sha'awa waɗanda fakitin 3 ya kawo wa S60 2nd Edition shine goyan bayan UI mai daidaitawa (don ƙudurin allo na 176 x 208, 240 x 320, da 352 x 416 pixels). p> An tsara sanarwar na'urorin dangane da S60 3rd Edition, Feature Pack 1, don Satumba 26-28 na wannan shekara, kuma babban ƙari ga FP1 sune kamar haka:

        • Sabuntawa na kan-da-iska (FOTA), firmware kan-iska. Yana da kyau a lura cewa Nokia 6131, bisa tushen tsarin 40 hardware da dandamali na software, yana goyan bayan sabunta firmware ta iska, yayin da na'urori masu ci gaba, wayoyi, kawai yanzu suna samun wannan dama. Banda samfurin N80, wayar tana goyan bayan FOTA, amma kafin sigar ta 4 ta software kuma ba ta iya isa ga yawancin masu amfani da ita. Yana yiwuwa a yi walƙiya na'urar a gida, amma, ba shakka, yana buƙatar kayan aiki na musamman, kuma, haka ma, ta ɓata garantin na'urar ta atomatik. A halin yanzu, Nokia ta fara haɓaka sabis na na'urori masu walƙiya a gida, ta hanyar kebul ɗin da ke zuwa tare da kit, ta ƙetare ayyukan cibiyoyin sabis: http://www.nokia.co.uk/softwareupdate

        A halin yanzu, ana tallafawa na'urorin bugu na biyu, 6680, N72, da dai sauransu, amma na ɗan lokaci, a cikin Satumba, ana shirin tallafawa na'urori a bugu na uku. Don rashin gamsuwar masu samfurin N90, ba a sa ran sabunta wannan na'urar.

        • Sabuwar Buɗaɗɗen Tushen Software (OSS) Browser. Cikakken bayyani na mai binciken, aikin wanda ɗan ɗan wuce sigar Opera na yanzu (tare da adadin ajiyar kuɗi, ba shakka, alal misali, irin wannan fa'idodin Opera masu dacewa kamar ja cikin shafi ɗaya, jerin kalmomin shiga, sunan yankin auto- zaɓi, gajerun hanyoyin dijital waɗanda ba sa cikin OSS Browser), kuna iya karanta a nan:
        • Ingantattun keɓancewar mu'amala don masu aiki da masu lasisi tare da sabuntar iska.
        • Na zaɓi - Macromedia Flash Lite 2 daga Adobe.
        • Zaɓuɓɓukan daidaitawa don baiwa masu lasisin S60 damar gina injuna tare da ƙaramin farashi na farko.
          API ɗin Jerin Abubuwan Abubuwan Gallery.
        • Ganewar Halayen Na gani API.
        • Ma'ajin Sanarwa na Ma'ajiya ta Tsakiya API.
        • API ɗin Injin Bayanan Bayani. API ɗin Yanayin allo.
        • OpenGL V1.1 API (An sabunta).
        • Telnet API.
        • App Framework Animation API.
        • OBEX API (an sabunta).
        • OBEX MTM API (an sabunta).

        Sabuwar Java™ APIs sun haɗa da:

        • Advanced Multimedia Supplements (AMMS) API (JSR-234).
        • Scalable Vector Graphics 2D API (JSR-226).
        • API ɗin 3D na Wayar hannu (M3G) don J2ME™ v1.1 (JSR-184) (an sabunta).
        Kuna iya karanta cikakken bayani akan FP1 nan:

        Ya kamata a yi magana ta musamman game da ƙirar Bluetooth da ake amfani da ita a cikin ƙirar Nokia. Guntu daga Murata Manufacturing (mai ba da kayayyaki ga Nokia kuma na biyu a cikin kasuwar ƙirar Bluetooth) yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyau a cikin aji. Amma a cikin na'urori, ba mu ga goyon baya ga adadi mai yawa na ƙayyadaddun bayanai waɗanda suka dace da ƙirar nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i) ga. Ya dade a bayyane cewa wannan iyakance ne kawai na sigar OS na yanzu. Mafi mahimmanci, rashin bayanin martabar A2DP (Advanced Audio Distribution Profile) ya haifar da rashin gamsuwa, wanda za'a iya fahimta, saboda baya barin amfani da Bluetooth don fitar da sauti daga wayar zuwa na'urar kai mara waya, belun kunne, sitiriyo mota.

        A cikin Symbian 9.2, babban canjin da ke da alaƙa da Bluetooth shine sabon tallafi don bayanin martabar A2DP, da kuma bayanan sarrafa bayanan (waƙar kiɗa, sake kunna bidiyo, da sauransu).

        Waɗannan na'urori masu zuwa za su dogara ne akan nau'ikan tsarin aiki na 9.2 da 9.3. Har yanzu ba a iya cewa da cikakken tabbacin wace sigar za ta zama tushen FP1 ba, a maimakon haka, Symbian 9.2 ce, yayin da FP2 za ta dogara ne akan nau'in 9.3 (an tattauna bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin waɗannan nau'ikan a ƙasa).

        Bari mu jera manyan abubuwansu:

          Tsaron dandali hanya ce ta kariyar tsarin bisa la'akari da ƙididdigewa da lura da damar aikace-aikacen. Bugu da kari, ana aiwatar da ɓoyayyen takaddun shaida da gudanarwa, HTTPS, SSL da TLS ƙa'idodin tsaro ana aiwatar da su.
        • Cikakken goyon bayan Java - goyan bayan sabbin ka'idojin Java, gami da CLDC 1.1, MIDP 2.0, JTWI (JSR185), API ɗin Watsa Labarai ta Waya (JSR135), Bluetooth (JSR082), Saƙon Mara waya (JSR120), Wayar hannu 3D Graphics API (JSR184) ), Gudanarwar Bayanin Keɓaɓɓu da APIs FileGCF (JSR075), da API ɗin Gudanar da Abun ciki (JSR 211).
        • https://cars45.com.gh/cXKzidXgFPsrv2N3LVkXqBfS ainihin lokaci da ba da damar aiwatar da zaren da yawa lokaci guda, yana ba da damar tallafawa lokaci guda. -core architecture.
        • Tallafawa don sabbin kayan masarufi - goyan bayan sabbin gine-ginen CPU, na'urorin waje, nau'ikan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na ciki da na waje.
        • Mafi kyawun zane-hanyoyi kai tsaye zuwa allon fuska da maɓallan madannai, API ɗin mai haɓaka zane-zane, haɓaka sassauƙan UI (goyon baya don daidaitawar allo daban-daban - shimfidar wuri, hoto, ƙuduri iri-iri).
        • An inganta don wayoyin hannu - Symbian OS v9.3 an inganta shi don na'urorin 3G tare da tallafin WCDMA
        • Ƙirƙirar na'ura mai sassauƙa tare da Symbian OS - sassauƙan daidaitawa don ƙirƙirar wayoyin hannu ta hanyar zaɓar mahimman abubuwan da ake so na Symbian OS.
        • Tallafin WiFi:
        • Amfani da kamfani na WiFi
        • Muhimmin tushe don haɗin IP da aikace-aikacen motsi mai ɗaukar nauyi
        • HSDPA goyon baya
        • IPSec kayan haɓɓakawar UMA (VoIP)
        • Tallafin OS na asali don Tura Don Magana
        • Java JSR 248

        Babban haɓakawa a sigar 9.3 sama da 9.2 sune:

        • Taimakon WLAN na asali ne ga OS
        • Ingantattun bayanan fasaha
        • Sauƙaƙan tsarin kayan aikin Symbian don haɓaka haɓakawa
        • Ingantacciyar tsarin sa ido don sauƙin haɗa software
        • Ingantattun kayan aikin gwaji masu sauƙi waɗanda aka haɗa a cikin Symbian Verification Suite.

        Mai amfani na ƙarshe zai lura da haɓakawa a lokutan taya na'ura, sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, sauya app, da ƙari.

        Ana iya samun cikakkun bayanai na 9.2. da 9.3 na tsarin aiki a:

        Ina so in yi magana a kan wani yanayi guda ɗaya wanda bugu na 3 Feature Pack 1 yayi alkawari zai kawo wa s60.

        Ƙimar allo: FP1 da bayan ƙaddamar da tallafi don daidaitaccen ƙudurin 176 × 208 da ƙudurin dual 352 × 416, yayin da QVGA (320x240) ke zama daidaitattun yanzu. Anyi wannan da farko don sauƙaƙa rayuwa ga masu haɓakawa waɗanda dole ne su ƙirƙira aikace-aikacen allo tare da ma'auni daban-daban. Ba da daɗewa ba za a maye gurbin ƙudurin 352x416 da ƙudurin allo na HVGA (320x480) da VGA (640x480).Wadannan allon za su zama daidaitattun a nan gaba, kwamfutocin multimedia tare da allon VGA sun mamaye sashin farashi na sama, yayin da na'urori masu allon QVGA sun riga sun mamaye tsakiyar da ƙananan sassan kasuwar wayoyin hannu. Wani dalili na daidaitawa shine farashin da ba daidai ba, yarda, me yasa masana'antun ke buƙatar shi yayin da dandamali kuma za su iya tallafawa ƙudurin allo na yau da kullum waɗanda yawancin masana'antun wayoyin salula, wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa ke amfani da su?

        Tsarin S60 yana da sassauƙa sosai kuma masu lasisi na iya amfani da wasu shawarwari kuma suyi amfani da fasalin sikelin sikelin da aka gina a ciki. A matsayin misali, za mu iya buga wata na'urar da ba ta dace ba Nokia 5500, wacce ke da ƙudurin allo na 208x208 pixels. A wannan yanayin, masana'anta da kansa suna tilasta yin ƙarin ƙoƙari don gwada na'urar.

        Zai zama abin ban sha'awa a ɗauka cewa watakila Nokia na ƙoƙarin ƙaura daga manyan na'urori masu girma, suna haɓaka sabbin ƙudurin allo don amfani da su a cikin na'urori masu ƙananan girman allo na jiki, kuma, bisa ga haka, tare da ƙananan girma. Babu shakka, za mu ga ci gaba da ra'ayoyin yin amfani da ƙananan fuska a cikin wayoyin hannu (5500 (30x30 mm), E50 (30x40 mm)) a nan gaba, saboda a halin yanzu Nokia na fuskantar aikin rage wayowin komai da ruwan, da rage fasahar da aka gwada a ciki. na'urorin Nseries na sama.

        Nokia tana tallata 5500 ne kawai a matsayin waya kuma ƙila ba shi da cikakken tallafi ga aikace-aikacen ɓangare na uku, kuma S60 yana nan don haɗawa da OSS Browser, na'urar kiɗa da wasu ƙa'idodi a matsayin misali. Kuna iya karanta ƙarin game da abubuwan da ake buƙata don daidaitawa anan:

        Yanzu bari mu tabo babban batu, wato bangaren masarrafan wayoyin hannu bisa tsarin S60.

        Na dogon lokaci, wayoyin Nokia suna amfani da Texas Instruments OMAP 1710, mai sarrafa guntu guda ɗaya. Zai zama mai ban sha'awa don la'akari da manyan siffofinsa.

        TMS320C55x DSP core subsystem

        • Har zuwa 220 MHz (mafi girman mitar)
        • 32K x 16-bit akan-chip dual-access RAM (DARAM) (64 KB)
        • 48K x 16-bit akan-chip RAM mai shiga guda ɗaya (SARAM) (96 KB)
        • 24 KB I-cache
        • Umarori ɗaya/biyu ana aiwatar da su a kowane zagaye
        • Accelerators na kayan aikin bidiyo don DCT, iDCT, pixel interpolation, da kimanta motsi don matsawar bidiyo

        ARM926TEJ core subsystem

        • Har zuwa 220 MHz ARM926TEJ V5 gine (mafi girman mitar)
        • 32KB I-cache; 16KB D-cache
        • Acceleration Java
        • Tallafawa don 32-bit da 16-bit (yanayin babban yatsan hannu) saitin koyarwa
        • Bayanai da shirin MMUs
        • Masu shigar da fassarar guda 64 guda biyu (TLBs) don MMUs
        • Rubutun kalmomi 17

        Haɓakar Tsaro a cikin Hardware

        • Amintaccen bootloader
        • 48 kB na amintaccen ROM
        • 16 kB na amintaccen RAM
        • Haɓakar kayan aikin don matakan tsaro da janareta na lamba bazuwar
        • Tallafin ID na musamman na mutu
        • Laburaren Tsaro na software na ɓangare na uku

        Mai Kula da Traffic (TC)

        • 16-bit EMIFS ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
        • 16-bit EMIFF ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
        • Yana goyan bayan manyan tsarin aiki
        • DMA tare da tashoshi 4 na zahiri da na hankali 17 da ingin zane mai kwazo 2D
        • USB On-the-Go (OTG)
        • Mashigai na SD/MMC/SDIO biyu
        • Maɗaukakin sauri 3.68 MHz UARTs
        • Mai sarrafa I2C
        • Maɗaukakiyar sauri guda biyu 3.68 MHz UARTs
        • uWire
        • CompactFlash
        • Daidaitacce da ƙananan tashoshin kyamara
        • Ingantattun Binciken Matsaloli (ETM) don gyara kuskure
        • Azumin IrDA (FIR)
        • SPI
        • Mai sarrafa LCD

        Cikakken mai sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya don musaya zuwa:

        • 128 MB na wayar hannu SDRAM da wayar DDR
        • 256 MB Flash (don fashe, shirye-shirye NOR flash)

        OMAP 1710 Buɗaɗɗen Aikace-aikacen Wayar hannu ne tare da ARM core da DSP core yana gudana a 220MHz. Nau'insa na farko Nokia 6630 ya dogara ne akan na'urar sarrafa ARM926EJ-S, wanda ke da gine-ginen ARMv5TEJ. A cikin na'urorin da suka gabata dangane da S60 (FP1, Symbian 7.0s - 7610, 6670), core ARM925 yana da gine-ginen ARMv4T.

        An dade ana amfani da wannan guntu a cikin na'urori irin su 6630, 6680, N70, N80, N73 da sauran wayoyin hannu na N- da ESeries. Mitar aiki na 220 MHz a halin yanzu ba alama ce mai girma ga masu amfani ba, duk da haka, yuwuwar OMAP 1710 ba ta ƙare ba tukuna, kuma duk da kasancewar OMAP 2420, 2430, za mu ga wannan guntu na musamman a cikin da yawa na gaba. samfura. Gudun na'urorin da aka gina akan 1710 ya kasance a matakin yarda. Haɓaka aikin sabbin na'urorin da aka gina akan Symbian 9.1 idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda suka gabace su ya faru ne kawai saboda canje-canje a cikin OS ɗin kansa, maimakon a cikin kayan masarufi.

        A cikin Afrilu 2006, Nokia ta sanar da N93, wanda da alama an yi niyya don buɗe wani sabon ci gaba a tarihin wayoyin hannu. Shin haka ne, bari mu yi ƙoƙari mu gano shi. Halayen na'urar sarrafawa na wannan samfurin, TI OMAP 2420, suna da ban sha'awa sosai, sun fi ban sha'awa yayin haɓaka samfurin, wanda ya faru a cikin 2004. A wancan lokacin, kawai samfurin 2420 ya goyi bayan ayyukan da aka tsara na na'urar, wanda aka ba da mahimmanci wajen ingantawa wanda aka sanya akan rikodin bidiyo mai inganci. An sanar da OMAP 2420 a cikin 2004, kuma an fara amfani da shi a cikin na'urorin NTT DoCoMo na Jafananci (Panasonic P902i misali).

        OMAP 2420 ya haɗa da duk fa'idodin gine-ginen OMAP 2. Samfurin yana amfani da gine-ginen ARM11, ba kamar magabatan ARM9 da aka gina akan OMAP 1710. Guntu na 2420 yana da fasalin ARM1136JS-F (330MHz) processor core, TI TMS320C55x Digital Mai sarrafa siginar (DSP) (220MHz), akwai kuma 2D/3D MBX/VGP accelerator akan guntu. Ana bayyana haɓakawar multimedia ta hanyar ƙara hoto da na'urar hanzarin bidiyo, tallafi don kyamarori masu yawa (4+), fitarwar siginar da aka haɗa zuwa allon TV, rikodin bidiyo da sake kunnawa a MPEG4, ƙudurin VGA a firam 30 a sakan daya. p>

        Zaku iya karanta ƙarin bayani game da ƙayyadaddun bayanai anan.

        Abin sha'awa shine, Microsoft ya zaɓi na'urar OMAP 2420 don aiwatar da dandamali tare da ainihin ARM1136 da aka ambata a baya don Windows CE 6, amma wannan wani labari ne.

        Sanarwa na OMAP3 ya kawo jita-jita da tattaunawa game da na'urori na gaba waɗanda za su dogara da shi. Duk da haka, irin waɗannan fasalulluka sun kasance rikodin bidiyo mai ingancin DVD, haɗaɗɗiyar ISP (mai sarrafa siginar hoto) don sauri, mafi kyawun hoto, sautin 3D da zane na 3D wanda PowerVR MBX ya samar, da sauran abubuwan alheri da yawa.

        Amma a halin yanzu babu irin wannan kwarin gwiwa cewa Nokia za ta ci gaba da yin amfani da na'urar sarrafa OMAP 2420 da aka riga aka gwada a cikin N93 da ƙari. Kalamai da dama sun sa mu yi shakku kan ingancin alakar Nokia da TI. Waɗannan sun haɗa da sanarwar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Intel, Nokia, Symbian (Oktoba 2004), da kuma, mafi ban sha'awa, yarjejeniya daga baya tare da Freescale Semiconductor Inc don haɓaka na'urar da ta dogara da guntu guda-core Freescale MXC300-30 don ƙaddamarwa a cikin na biyu. rabin shekarar 2007. A bayyane yake, ba shi da tushe a yanzu don yin magana game da kowane irin ƙin haɗin gwiwa tare da TI, Nokia shine babban abokin ciniki, da sabbin kwakwalwan kwamfuta, kamar yadda ya kasance, alal misali, a cikin yanayin OMAP 2420, ya ƙunshi oda. daga Nokia.

        Tsarin MXC300-30 yana dogara ne akan ARM1136 processor core (aiki mita 532MHz), DSP StarCore ™ SC140e (250MHz), akwai mai saurin bidiyo, akwai tallafi ga HSDPA, wato, a ka'ida, halayen da zasu iya yiwuwa. na'urorin za su yi kama da na na'urorin da aka gina akan mafita daga TI.

        Mu yi la’akari da manyan halayen wannan guntu:

        • HSDPA 1.8 Mbps (DL) tallafi
        • Hadadden mai saurin bidiyo
        • Wireless:
        • A-GPS yana goyan bayan mu'amala da yanar gizo
        • WLAN 802.11a/b/g goyan bayan

        Babban fasalulluka sun yi kama da MXC300-30, amma babban haɓakar aiki yana da sha'awar ayyukan caca, yawo bidiyo, taron taron bidiyo.

        Zaku iya ganin zanen toshe a ƙasa:

        Ana sa ran cewa wayoyin hannu na 3G da aka gina akan waɗannan dandamali na iya yin tsada ƙasa da $150. Yarjejeniyar za ta ba da damar mafita na Freescale don haɓaka haɓakar wayoyin hannu da ke nufin tsakiyar kasuwa.

        Yadda za a bayyana waɗannan yarjejeniyoyin, ba mu ɗauki alhakin yin hukunci ba, duk da haka, za mu yi zato wanda ya fi kusa da yiwuwar sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru. Ana sa ran sabon reshe na na'urori bisa Linux zai bayyana. Wannan na iya zama kamar ba zai yiwu ba ga wasu, amma Nokia ta riga ta sami gogewa wajen kera na'urar Nokia 770 na Linux, kuma baya ga haka, gasa a cikin tsarin tsarin wayoyin salula na kara karuwa, Motorola zai nuna layin na'urorin Linux gaba daya a 2007, da Freescale. Za a yi amfani da chipsets a cikin na'urorin da nufin yin gasa da mafita daga Motorola.

        Taƙaita bayanan da ke cikin labarin, za mu yi zato da yawa game da na'urorin da kansu bisa tsarin S60:

        Girma: A nan gaba, muna sa ran miniaturization na samfura, gabatarwar na'urori a cikin N da ESeries tare da ma'auni na dijital 5x, 6x, wanda za a sauƙaƙe, amma a lokaci guda rage girman samfurin samfurin daga N8x, N9x jerin. Abin da muke la'akari da fasahar da za a iya samuwa kawai a cikin manyan na'urori masu mahimmanci wanda ke nufin ɓangaren kasuwar fasaha za su kasance a cikin na'urori masu tsaka-tsaki.

        Nuni: QVGA zai kasance mafi girman ƙuduri don nan gaba. Duk da cewa dandamali yana goyan bayan manyan ƙudurin allo (HVGA, VGA), na ƙarshe zai kasance gata na na'urori na ɓangaren farashi mafi girma, kamar ESeries E8x, E9x communicators.

        Ayyuka: Kasancewar mai haɓaka 3D zai zama gama gari, gami da a cikin samfura inda za a ba da fifiko kan ayyukan caca (wakili na farko shine N93); Matsakaicin ƙudurin kyamarar wannan shekara zai zama 5MP a cikin na'urar da za a gabatar da ita a ranar 26-28 ga Satumba, hotunanta sun kasance a baya - wannan sildiri biyu ne, N95. Hard Drive kuma Nokia za ta yi amfani da ita a cikin na'urorin da suka dogara da S60, musamman, samfurin N91 wanda zai gaje shi zai bayyana a daidai lokacin da N95, ƙarfin rumbun kwamfutarka a wannan yanayin zai zama 10 GB.

        Har ila yau, ya kamata a lura da irin wannan gaskiyar mai ban sha'awa kamar yarjejeniya tare da Samsung Electronics don fadada samar da kwakwalwan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na NAND, wanda zai ba da damar ginawa daga lokacin rani na 2007 model tare da ginanniyar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya daga 1 zuwa 8 GB. Samsung, ta hanyar, yana shirin fara kera kwakwalwan kwamfuta 8GB a karshen wannan shekara kuma, ba shakka, ba zai tsaya nan ba. 16GB flash memory chips za su kasance a farkon 2007, kuma tare da ci gaba da haɗin gwiwa tare da Nokia, na'urorin na 2007-2008 za su yi alfahari da ƙarin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya. Hakanan za a ci gaba da amfani da rumbun kwamfyuta, amma har yanzu za a ba da fifiko kan amfani da ƙwaƙwalwar NAND.

        Gabaɗaya, tsammanin dandamali na S60 yana da haske sosai; a cikin kwata na uku na 2005, na'urorin da ke kan S60 sun mamaye 58% na kasuwar wayoyin hannu. A nan gaba, inganta kayan aikin wayoyin hannu na Symbian, da kara yin aiki kan samar da aikace-aikacen da ke kunshe da daidaitattun na'urori, da rage girma, da rage farashin ci gaba zai haifar da karuwar jama'a.

        Amma, kamar yadda aka ambata, gasar tana da ƙarfi sosai a yanzu kuma za ta ƙara ƙaruwa a nan gaba. Wasu manazarta sun yi hasashen Linux OS da Windows OS a matsayin kyakkyawar makoma mai haske da mamaye Symbian OS nan da 2010. Ainihin, ta hanyar ƙoƙarce-ƙoƙarcen masana'anta ne ɗaya ko wani tsarin aiki ke samun farin jini. Na'urorin Motorola na gaba (da kuma na'urori na kasuwannin kasar Sin) sun shahara saboda saurin gudu, rashin amfani da wutar lantarki da kuma wasu fa'idodi, amma, rashin alheri, sun bambanta a cikin mahimmancin da ke rufe ga mai amfani na ƙarshe.Na'urori a kan Windows Mobile 5.0 za su sami ra'ayi daban-daban a cikin 2007, gagarumin ci gaba na ayyukan tarho, goyon baya ga HSDPA, AKU-3. Har yanzu ba a samar da dandalin UIQ da yawa ba, kuma duk ya dogara da 'yan wasan da ke amfani da shi. Babban ƙera na'urorin UIQ shine SonyEricsson, kuma a nan gaba za mu iya ganin faɗaɗa kasuwar na'urorin UIQ saboda sanya su a sassa da yawa lokaci guda, ba tare da ba da fifiko na musamman kan ayyukan wayar hannu ba. Mun riga muna ganin misalan irin wannan matsayi - waɗannan su ne M600i, W950i.

        Halin yana da ban sha'awa sosai, kuma kawai lura da kasuwar wayoyin hannu da tsare-tsare na kamfanoni a cikin 2007 zai taimaka don ƙarin gano abubuwan da ke faruwa da haɓaka haɓakar manyan dandamali na wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa.

        Hakkokin haɓaka na'urori dangane da dandalin S60

        A matsayin gabatarwa, bari mu dan dakata kan tarihin daya daga cikin mafi yawan manhajojin wayar salula, Series60, ko, kamar yadda ake kira yanzu, S60. A cikin wannan mahallin, ana fahimtar dandali azaman ɓangaren software wanda ya haɗa duka kayan aikin tsarin, tsarin aiki, da saitin aikace-aikacen masu amfani. A ka'ida, duk samfuran Nokia da aka gina akan dandamali iri ɗaya suna da halayen kayan masarufi iri ɗaya (nau'in sarrafawa, mita, kewayawa), kodayake ana iya samun keɓancewa. Bambance-bambance a cikin kamara, girman ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, nau'in kati ba su da mahimmanci kuma yana iya kasancewa a kan tushe iri ɗaya.

        Kawo yanzu dai mun ga manhajar (Editions) bugu uku ne, kuma idan an tashi daga wannan bugu zuwa waccan, za a iya canza nau’in manhajar Symbian, duk da cewa wannan ba wani sharadi ba ne. Don haka bugu na farko na dandalin ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v6.1, bugu na gaba ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v7.0s, bugu na uku kuma ya dogara ne akan Symbian OS v9.1. Hakanan, azaman ƙari ga kowane bugu, akwai abubuwan da ake kira Fakitin Feature (FP), waɗanda ke kawo ƙarin ayyuka zuwa sigar dandamali. Kamar yadda muke iya gani, sigar tsarin aiki kuma na iya canzawa lokacin motsi daga wannan FP zuwa wani. Misali, bugu na biyu na dandamali ya ƙunshi FPs uku. Wannan batu za a taso dalla-dalla daga baya a cikin rubutu.

        Kafin mu fara la’akari da hasashen ci gaban dandali na S60, bari mu waiwayi wani batu na musamman da ke fuskantar masu amfani da wayoyin hannu na Symbian. An dade da sanin cewa duk wani aikace-aikacen da ke gudana akan na'urori dangane da bugu na biyu kuma a baya ba za a tallafa musu ba a yanzu. Gabatar da tsarin gine-ginen Binary Interface (ABI) na aikace-aikacen ARM ya haifar da kammala rashin daidaituwa na aikace-aikace tare da sabon sigar OS (The Binary Compatibility Break). Wannan yana nufin cewa za a buƙaci sake haɗa aikace-aikacen ta amfani da saitin kayan aikin daban. A wannan lokacin, ga wasu, wannan abin tuntuɓe ne yayin sauyawa daga na'urori zuwa S60 2nd Edition misali. Kasancewar hakan ba zai faru ba lokacin da aka ƙaura daga bugu na uku zuwa bugu na gaba zai iya zama tabbaci, sun dace.

        Bugu na uku yana amfani da sigar Symbian OS 9.1, wacce aka sabunta ta gaba daya, EKA 2 (EPOC Kernel Architecture 2). Bambanci shine goyon baya na ainihi - wannan yana ba ku damar ƙirƙirar aikace-aikacen da ke da mahimmanci ga lokacin aiwatarwa, kamar VoIP.

        Ga masu haɓakawa, amfani da sabon mai tarawa yana taka rawa sosai, da kuma ingantawa da suka shafi ƙirar tsaro da aka yi amfani da su. Musamman ma, an gabatar da manufar ƙwararrun aikace-aikace, waɗanda za su iya samun cikakkiyar damar yin amfani da APIs guda ɗaya (kusan APIs 40 sun zama samuwa, wanda ke ba da damar haɓaka kowane nau'in aikace-aikacen).

        Don cikakken kallon jerin APIs, bayyani na daidaitattun aikace-aikace da sauran cikakkun bayanai masu alaƙa da wannan canjin, muna ba ku a cikin wannan kayan:

        Mu ci gaba zuwa wani al'amari mai ban sha'awa, wato, canjin kayan masarufi da ake goyan bayan matakin OS. Waɗannan tallafi ne ga WLAN (Wi-Fi), SD, miniSD, katunan MicroSD, goyan bayan maɓallan madannai na QWERTY.

        Gabaɗaya, don fahimtar yadda aka gina gine-ginen dandalin S60, kawai ku duba hoton da ke ƙasa:

        Ba za mu tsaya a kan bayanin kowane kashi dalla-dalla ba, za mu lissafta wasu daga cikinsu ne kawai:

        • Symbian OS Extensions wani tsari ne na tsarin da ke ba da damar dandalin S60 don yin hulɗa tare da fasalin abubuwan kayan masarufi, kamar faɗakarwar girgiza, yanayin cajin baturi, da sauransu.
        • S60 Platform Services sune muhimman ayyukan da dandamali ke bayarwa. Sun hada da:
        • Sabis Tsarin Tsarin Aikace-aikacen - ba da damar asali don gudanar da aikace-aikace da ayyuka, abubuwan haɗin haɗin mai amfani.
        • Sabis na Tsarin Tsarin UI - suna ba da takamaiman nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin UI da ayyukan taron.
        • Sabis na Hotuna - samar da wurare don ƙirƙirar zane da zana su akan allo.
        • Sabis na Wura - ba da damar dandamali don "san" wurin da na'urar take.
        • Sabis na tushen Yanar Gizo - sun haɗa da sabis don kafa haɗin gwiwa, hulɗa tare da ayyukan WEB, gami da bincike, zazzage fayiloli.
        • Sabis na Multimedia - suna ba da damar sake kunna bidiyo da sauti, da kuma tantance magana.

        Ba shi da ma'ana a bayyana ma'anar kowane abu, kuma waɗanda suke da sha'awar gaske za su iya karanta takaddun fasaha a www.forum.nokia.com

        Tsarin S60 yana ƙayyade salon mai amfani (UI) da APIs, amma ba ya ƙayyade girman allo ta atomatik (ƙuduri) ko hanyoyin shigarwa. Masu masana'anta suna da 'yanci don amfani da nasu UI, amma ana buƙatar masu haɓakawa suyi amfani da ma'auni mai ƙima a cikin aikace-aikacen su (don ƙudurin allo daban-daban).

        Misali, ɗayan mafi kyawun abubuwan ban sha'awa waɗanda fakitin 3 ya kawo wa S60 2nd Edition shine goyan bayan UI mai daidaitawa (don ƙudurin allo na 176 x 208, 240 x 320, da 352 x 416 pixels). p> An tsara sanarwar na'urorin dangane da S60 3rd Edition, Feature Pack 1, don Satumba 26-28 na wannan shekara, kuma babban ƙari ga FP1 sune kamar haka:

        • Sabuntawa na kan-da-iska (FOTA), firmware kan-iska. Yana da kyau a lura cewa Nokia 6131, bisa tushen tsarin 40 hardware da dandamali na software, yana goyan bayan sabunta firmware ta iska, yayin da na'urori masu ci gaba, wayoyi, kawai yanzu suna samun wannan dama. Banda samfurin N80, wayar tana goyan bayan FOTA, amma kafin sigar ta 4 ta software kuma ba ta iya isa ga yawancin masu amfani da ita. Yana yiwuwa a yi walƙiya na'urar a gida, amma, ba shakka, yana buƙatar kayan aiki na musamman, kuma, haka ma, ta ɓata garantin na'urar ta atomatik. A halin yanzu, Nokia ta fara haɓaka sabis na na'urori masu walƙiya a gida, ta hanyar kebul ɗin da ke zuwa tare da kit, ta ƙetare ayyukan cibiyoyin sabis: http://www.nokia.co.uk/softwareupdate

        A halin yanzu, ana tallafawa na'urorin bugu na biyu, 6680, N72, da dai sauransu, amma na ɗan lokaci, a cikin Satumba, ana shirin tallafawa na'urori a bugu na uku. Don rashin gamsuwar masu samfurin N90, ba a sa ran sabunta wannan na'urar.

        • Sabuwar Buɗaɗɗen Tushen Software (OSS) Browser. Cikakken bayyani na mai binciken, aikin wanda ɗan ɗan wuce sigar Opera na yanzu (tare da adadin ajiyar kuɗi, ba shakka, alal misali, irin wannan fa'idodin Opera masu dacewa kamar ja cikin shafi ɗaya, jerin kalmomin shiga, sunan yankin auto- zaɓi, gajerun hanyoyin dijital waɗanda ba a cikin OSS Browser), kuna iya karantawa anan:
        • Ingantattun keɓancewar mu'amala don masu aiki da masu lasisi tare da sabuntar iska.
        • Na zaɓi - Macromedia Flash Lite 2 daga Adobe.
        • Zaɓuɓɓukan daidaitawa don baiwa masu lasisin S60 damar gina injuna tare da ƙaramin farashi na farko.
          API ɗin Jerin Abubuwan Abubuwan Gallery.
        • Ganewar Halayen Na gani API.
        • Ma'ajin Sanarwa na Ma'ajiya ta Tsakiya API.
        • API ɗin Injin Bayanan Bayani. API ɗin Yanayin allo.
        • OpenGL V1.1 API (An sabunta).
        • Telnet API.
        • App Framework Animation API.
        • OBEX API (an sabunta).
        • OBEX MTM API (an sabunta).

        Sabuwar Java™ APIs sun haɗa da:

        • Advanced Multimedia Supplements (AMMS) API (JSR-234).
        • Scalable Vector Graphics 2D API (JSR-226).
        • API ɗin 3D na Wayar hannu (M3G) don J2ME™ v1.1 (JSR-184) (an sabunta).

        Zaku iya karanta ƙarin game da FP1 anan:

        Ya kamata a yi magana ta musamman game da ƙirar Bluetooth da ake amfani da ita a cikin ƙirar Nokia. Guntu daga Murata Manufacturing (mai ba da kayayyaki ga Nokia kuma na biyu a cikin kasuwar ƙirar Bluetooth) yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyau a cikin aji. Amma a cikin na'urori, ba mu ga goyon baya ga adadi mai yawa na ƙayyadaddun bayanai waɗanda suka dace da ƙirar nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'in nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i nau'i) ga. Ya dade a bayyane cewa wannan iyakance ne kawai na sigar OS na yanzu. Mafi mahimmanci, rashin bayanin martabar A2DP (Advanced Audio Distribution Profile) ya haifar da rashin gamsuwa, wanda za'a iya fahimta, saboda baya barin amfani da Bluetooth don fitar da sauti daga wayar zuwa na'urar kai mara waya, belun kunne, sitiriyo mota.

        A cikin Symbian 9.2, babban canjin da ke da alaƙa da Bluetooth shine sabon tallafi don bayanin martabar A2DP, da kuma bayanan sarrafa bayanan (waƙar kiɗa, sake kunna bidiyo, da sauransu).

        Waɗannan na'urori masu zuwa za su dogara ne akan nau'ikan tsarin aiki na 9.2 da 9.3. Har yanzu ba a iya cewa da cikakken tabbacin wace sigar za ta zama tushen FP1 ba, a maimakon haka, Symbian 9.2 ce, yayin da FP2 za ta dogara ne akan nau'in 9.3 (an tattauna bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin waɗannan nau'ikan a ƙasa).

        Bari mu jera manyan abubuwansu:

          Tsaron dandali hanya ce ta kariyar tsarin bisa la'akari da ƙididdigewa da lura da damar aikace-aikacen. Bugu da kari, ana aiwatar da ɓoyayyen takaddun shaida da gudanarwa, HTTPS, SSL da TLS ƙa'idodin tsaro ana aiwatar da su.
        • Cikakken goyon bayan Java - goyan bayan sabbin ka'idojin Java, gami da CLDC 1.1, MIDP 2.0, JTWI (JSR185), API ɗin Watsa Labarai ta Waya (JSR135), Bluetooth (JSR082), Saƙon Mara waya (JSR120), Wayar hannu 3D Graphics API (JSR184) ), Gudanarwar Bayanin Keɓaɓɓu da APIs FileGCF (JSR075), da API ɗin Gudanar da Abun ciki (JSR 211).
        • Masu ƙarfi na ainihin-lokaci - kernel tsarin aiki na lokaci-lokaci wanda ke ba da damar zaren da yawa don aiwatarwa lokaci guda, ba da damar goyan baya ga gine-gine guda ɗaya.
        • Tallafawa don sabbin kayan masarufi - goyan bayan sabbin gine-ginen CPU, na'urorin waje, nau'ikan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na ciki da na waje.
        • Mafi kyawun zane-hanyoyi kai tsaye zuwa allon fuska da maɓallan madannai, API ɗin mai haɓaka zane-zane, haɓaka sassauƙan UI (goyon baya don daidaitawar allo daban-daban - shimfidar wuri, hoto, ƙuduri iri-iri).
        • An inganta don wayoyin hannu - Symbian OS v9.3 an inganta shi don na'urorin 3G tare da tallafin WCDMA
        • Ƙirƙirar na'ura mai sassauƙa tare da Symbian OS - sassauƙan daidaitawa don ƙirƙirar wayoyin hannu ta hanyar zaɓar mahimman abubuwan da ake so na Symbian OS.
        • Tallafin WiFi:
        Tsaron dandali hanya ce ta kariyar tsarin bisa la'akari da ƙididdigewa da lura da damar aikace-aikacen. Bugu da kari, ana aiwatar da ɓoyayyen takaddun shaida da gudanarwa, HTTPS, SSL da TLS ƙa'idodin tsaro ana aiwatar da su.
      • Cikakken goyon bayan Java - goyan bayan sabbin ka'idojin Java, gami da CLDC 1.1, MIDP 2.0, JTWI (JSR185), API ɗin Watsa Labarai ta Waya (JSR135), Bluetooth (JSR082), Saƙon Mara waya (JSR120), Wayar hannu 3D Graphics API (JSR184) ), Gudanarwar Bayanin Keɓaɓɓu da APIs FileGCF (JSR075), da API ɗin Gudanar da Abun ciki (JSR 211).
      • https://cars45.com.gh/cXKzidXgFPsrv2N3LVkXqBfS https://cars45.com.gh/cXKzidXgFPsrv2N3LVkXqBfS
      • Masu ƙarfi na ainihin lokaci - kernel tsarin aiki na lokaci-lokaci wanda ke ba da damar zaren da yawa don aiwatarwa lokaci guda, yana ba da damar tallafi don gine-ginen guda ɗaya.
      • Tallafawa don sabbin kayan masarufi - goyan bayan sabbin gine-ginen CPU, na'urorin waje, nau'ikan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na ciki da na waje.
      • Mafi kyawun zane-hanyoyi kai tsaye zuwa allon fuska da maɓallan madannai, API ɗin mai haɓaka zane-zane, haɓaka sassauƙan UI (goyon baya don daidaitawar allo daban-daban - shimfidar wuri, hoto, ƙuduri iri-iri).
      • An inganta don wayoyin hannu - Symbian OS v9.3 an inganta shi don na'urorin 3G tare da tallafin WCDMA
      • Ƙirƙirar na'ura mai sassauƙa tare da Symbian OS - sassauƙan daidaitawa don ƙirƙirar wayoyin hannu ta hanyar zaɓar mahimman abubuwan da ake so na Symbian OS.
      • Tallafin WiFi:
        • Amfani da kamfani na WiFi
        • Muhimmin tushe don haɗin IP da aikace-aikacen motsi mai ɗaukar nauyi
        • HSDPA goyon baya
        • IPSec kayan haɓɓakawar UMA (VoIP)
        • Tallafin OS na asali don Tura Don Magana
        • Java JSR 248

        Babban haɓakawa a sigar 9.3 sama da 9.2 sune:

        • Taimakon WLAN na asali ne ga OS
        • Ingantattun bayanan fasaha
        • Sauƙaƙan tsarin kayan aikin Symbian don haɓaka haɓakawa
        • Ingantacciyar tsarin sa ido don sauƙin haɗa software
        • Ingantattun kayan aikin gwaji masu sauƙi waɗanda aka haɗa a cikin Symbian Verification Suite.

        Mai amfani na ƙarshe zai lura da haɓakawa a lokutan taya na'ura, sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, sauya app, da ƙari.

        Ana iya samun cikakkun bayanai na 9.2. da 9.3 na tsarin aiki a:

        Ina so in yi magana a kan wani yanayi guda ɗaya wanda bugu na 3 Feature Pack 1 yayi alkawari zai kawo wa s60.

        Ƙimar allo: FP1 da bayan ƙaddamar da tallafi don daidaitaccen ƙudurin 176 × 208 da ƙudurin dual 352 × 416, yayin da QVGA (320x240) ke zama daidaitattun yanzu. Anyi wannan da farko don sauƙaƙa rayuwa ga masu haɓakawa waɗanda dole ne su ƙirƙira aikace-aikacen allo tare da ma'auni daban-daban. Ba da daɗewa ba za a maye gurbin ƙudurin 352x416 da ƙudurin allo na HVGA (320x480) da VGA (640x480). Wadannan allon za su zama daidaitattun a nan gaba, kwamfutocin multimedia tare da allon VGA sun mamaye sashin farashi na sama, yayin da na'urori masu allon QVGA sun riga sun mamaye tsakiyar da ƙananan sassan kasuwar wayoyin hannu. Wani dalili na daidaitawa shine farashin da ba daidai ba, yarda, me yasa masana'antun ke buƙatar shi yayin da dandamali kuma za su iya tallafawa ƙudurin allo na yau da kullum waɗanda yawancin masana'antun wayoyin salula, wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa ke amfani da su?

        Tsarin S60 yana da sassauƙa sosai kuma masu lasisi na iya amfani da wasu shawarwari kuma suyi amfani da fasalin sikelin sikelin da aka gina a ciki. A matsayin misali, za mu iya buga wata na'urar da ba ta dace ba Nokia 5500, wacce ke da ƙudurin allo na 208x208 pixels. A wannan yanayin, masana'anta da kansa suna tilasta yin ƙarin ƙoƙari don gwada na'urar.

        Zai zama abin ban sha'awa a ɗauka cewa watakila Nokia na ƙoƙarin ƙaura daga manyan na'urori masu girma, suna haɓaka sabbin ƙudurin allo don amfani da su a cikin na'urori masu ƙananan girman allo na jiki, kuma, bisa ga haka, tare da ƙananan girma. Babu shakka, za mu ga ci gaba da ra'ayoyin yin amfani da ƙananan fuska a cikin wayoyin hannu (5500 (30x30 mm), E50 (30x40 mm)) a nan gaba, saboda a halin yanzu Nokia na fuskantar aikin rage wayowin komai da ruwan, da rage fasahar da aka gwada a ciki. na'urorin Nseries na sama.

        Nokia tana tallata 5500 ne kawai a matsayin waya kuma ƙila ba shi da cikakken tallafi ga aikace-aikacen ɓangare na uku, kuma S60 yana nan don haɗawa da OSS Browser, na'urar kiɗa da wasu ƙa'idodi a matsayin misali. Kuna iya karanta ƙarin game da abubuwan da ake buƙata don daidaitawa anan:

        Yanzu bari mu tabo babban batu, wato bangaren masarrafan wayoyin hannu bisa tsarin S60.

        Na dogon lokaci, wayoyin Nokia suna amfani da Texas Instruments OMAP 1710, mai sarrafa guntu guda ɗaya. Zai zama mai ban sha'awa don la'akari da manyan siffofinsa.

        TMS320C55x DSP core subsystem

        • Har zuwa 220 MHz (mafi girman mitar)
        • 32K x 16-bit akan-chip dual-access RAM (DARAM) (64 KB)
        • 48K x 16-bit akan-chip RAM mai shiga guda ɗaya (SARAM) (96 KB)
        • 24 KB I-cache
        • Umarori ɗaya/biyu ana aiwatar da su a kowane zagaye
        • Accelerators na kayan aikin bidiyo don DCT, iDCT, pixel interpolation, da kimanta motsi don matsawar bidiyo

        ARM926TEJ core subsystem

        • Har zuwa 220 MHz ARM926TEJ V5 gine (mafi girman mitar)
        • 32KB I-cache; 16KB D-cache
        • Acceleration Java
        • Tallafawa don 32-bit da 16-bit (yanayin babban yatsan hannu) saitin koyarwa
        • Bayanai da shirin MMUs
        • Masu shigar da fassarar guda 64 guda biyu (TLBs) don MMUs
        • Rubutun kalmomi 17

        Haɓakar Tsaro a cikin Hardware

        • Amintaccen bootloader
        • 48 kB na amintaccen ROM
        • 16 kB na amintaccen RAM
        • Haɓakar kayan aikin don matakan tsaro da janareta na lamba bazuwar
        • Tallafin ID na musamman na mutu
        • Laburaren Tsaro na software na ɓangare na uku

        Mai Kula da Traffic (TC)

        • 16-bit EMIFS ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
        • 16-bit EMIFF ƙwaƙwalwar waje ta waje
        • Yana goyan bayan manyan tsarin aiki
        • DMA tare da tashoshi 4 na zahiri da na hankali 17 da ingin zane mai kwazo 2D
        • USB On-the-Go (OTG)
        • Mashigai na SD/MMC/SDIO biyu
        • Maɗaukakin sauri 3.68 MHz UARTs
        • Mai sarrafa I2C
        • Maɗaukakiyar sauri guda biyu 3.68 MHz UARTs
        • uWire
        • CompactFlash
        • Daidaitacce da ƙananan tashoshin kyamara
        • Ingantattun Binciken Matsaloli (ETM) don gyara kuskure
        • Azumin IrDA (FIR)
        • SPI
        • Mai sarrafa LCD

        Cikakken mai sarrafa ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya don musaya zuwa:

        • 128 MB na wayar hannu SDRAM da wayar DDR
        • 256 MB Flash (don fashe, shirye-shirye NOR flash)

        OMAP 1710 Buɗaɗɗen Aikace-aikacen Wayar hannu ne tare da ARM core da DSP core yana gudana a 220MHz. Nau'insa na farko Nokia 6630 ya dogara ne akan na'urar sarrafa ARM926EJ-S, wanda ke da gine-ginen ARMv5TEJ. A cikin na'urorin da suka gabata dangane da S60 (FP1, Symbian 7.0s - 7610, 6670), core ARM925 yana da gine-ginen ARMv4T.

        An dade ana amfani da wannan guntu a cikin na'urori irin su 6630, 6680, N70, N80, N73 da sauran wayoyin hannu na N- da ESeries. Mitar aiki na 220 MHz a halin yanzu ba alama ce mai girma ga masu amfani ba, duk da haka, yuwuwar OMAP 1710 ba ta ƙare ba tukuna, kuma duk da kasancewar OMAP 2420, 2430, za mu ga wannan guntu na musamman a cikin da yawa na gaba. samfura. Gudun na'urorin da aka gina akan 1710 ya kasance a matakin yarda. Haɓaka aikin sabbin na'urorin da aka gina akan Symbian 9.1 idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda suka gabace su ya faru ne kawai saboda canje-canje a cikin OS ɗin kansa, maimakon a cikin kayan masarufi.

        A cikin Afrilu 2006, Nokia ta sanar da N93, wanda da alama an yi niyya don buɗe wani sabon ci gaba a tarihin wayoyin hannu. Shin haka ne, bari mu yi ƙoƙari mu gano shi. Halayen na'urar sarrafawa na wannan samfurin, TI OMAP 2420, suna da ban sha'awa sosai, sun fi ban sha'awa yayin haɓaka samfurin, wanda ya faru a cikin 2004. A wancan lokacin, kawai samfurin 2420 ya goyi bayan ayyukan da aka tsara na na'urar, wanda aka ba da mahimmanci wajen ingantawa wanda aka sanya akan rikodin bidiyo mai inganci. An sanar da OMAP 2420 a cikin 2004, kuma an fara amfani da shi a cikin na'urorin NTT DoCoMo na Jafananci (Panasonic P902i misali).

        OMAP 2420 ya haɗa da duk fa'idodin gine-ginen OMAP 2. Samfurin yana amfani da gine-ginen ARM11, ba kamar magabatan ARM9 da aka gina akan OMAP 1710. Guntu na 2420 yana da fasalin ARM1136JS-F (330MHz) processor core, TI TMS320C55x Digital Mai sarrafa siginar (DSP) (220MHz), akwai kuma 2D/3D MBX/VGP accelerator akan guntu. Ana bayyana haɓakawar multimedia ta hanyar ƙara hoto da na'urar hanzarin bidiyo, tallafi don kyamarori masu yawa (4+), fitarwar siginar da aka haɗa zuwa allon TV, rikodin bidiyo da sake kunnawa a MPEG4, ƙudurin VGA a firam 30 a sakan daya. p>

        Zaku iya karanta ƙarin bayani game da ƙayyadaddun bayanai anan.

        Abin sha'awa shine, Microsoft ya zaɓi na'urar OMAP 2420 don aiwatar da dandamali tare da ainihin ARM1136 da aka ambata a baya don Windows CE 6, amma wannan wani labari ne.

        Sanarwa na OMAP3 ya kawo jita-jita da tattaunawa game da na'urori na gaba waɗanda za su dogara da shi. Duk da haka, irin waɗannan fasalulluka sun kasance rikodin bidiyo mai ingancin DVD, haɗaɗɗiyar ISP (mai sarrafa siginar hoto) don sauri, mafi kyawun hoto, sautin 3D da zane na 3D wanda PowerVR MBX ya samar, da sauran abubuwan alheri da yawa.

        Amma a halin yanzu babu irin wannan kwarin gwiwa cewa Nokia za ta ci gaba da yin amfani da na'urar sarrafa OMAP 2420 da aka riga aka gwada a cikin N93 da ƙari. Kalamai da dama sun sa mu yi shakku kan ingancin alakar Nokia da TI. Waɗannan sun haɗa da sanarwar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin Intel, Nokia, Symbian (Oktoba 2004), da kuma, mafi ban sha'awa, yarjejeniya daga baya tare da Freescale Semiconductor Inc don haɓaka na'urar da ta dogara da guntu guda-core Freescale MXC300-30 don ƙaddamarwa a cikin na biyu. rabin shekarar 2007. A bayyane yake, ba shi da tushe a yanzu don yin magana game da kowane irin ƙin haɗin gwiwa tare da TI, Nokia shine babban abokin ciniki, da sabbin kwakwalwan kwamfuta, kamar yadda ya kasance, alal misali, a cikin yanayin OMAP 2420, ya ƙunshi oda. daga Nokia.

        Tsarin MXC300-30 yana dogara ne akan ARM1136 processor core (aiki mita 532MHz), DSP StarCore ™ SC140e (250MHz), akwai mai saurin bidiyo, akwai tallafi ga HSDPA, wato, a ka'ida, halayen da zasu iya yiwuwa. na'urorin za su yi kama da na na'urorin da aka gina akan mafita daga TI.

        Mu yi la’akari da manyan halayen wannan guntu:

        • HSDPA 1.8 Mbps (DL) tallafi
        • Hadadden mai saurin bidiyo
        • Wireless:
        • A-GPS yana goyan bayan mu'amala da yanar gizo
        • WLAN 802.11a/b/g goyan bayan
        Babban fasalulluka yana kama da MXC300-30, amma haɓakar haɓakar aiki yana da sha'awar ayyukan caca, yawo bidiyo, taron taron bidiyo.

        Zaku iya ganin zanen toshe a ƙasa:

        Ana sa ran cewa wayoyin hannu na 3G da aka gina akan waɗannan dandamali na iya yin tsada ƙasa da $150. Yarjejeniyar za ta ba da damar mafita na Freescale don haɓaka haɓakar wayoyin hannu da ke nufin tsakiyar kasuwa.

        Yadda za a bayyana waɗannan yarjejeniyoyin, ba mu ɗauki alhakin yin hukunci ba, duk da haka, za mu yi zato wanda ya fi kusa da yiwuwar sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru. Ana sa ran sabon reshe na na'urori bisa Linux zai bayyana. Wannan na iya zama kamar ba zai yiwu ba ga wasu, amma Nokia ta riga ta sami gogewa a cikin kera na'urar ta Linux Nokia 770 kuma baya ga haka, gasa a cikin tsarin tsarin wayoyin hannu yana ƙaruwa, Motorola zai nuna layin na'urorin Linux gabaɗaya a cikin 2007, da Chipsps na Freescale. za a yi amfani da na'urorin da nufin yin gasa musamman tare da mafita daga Motorola.

        Taƙaita bayanan da ke cikin labarin, za mu yi zato da yawa game da na'urorin da kansu bisa tsarin S60:

        Girma: A nan gaba, muna sa ran miniaturization na samfura, gabatarwar na'urori a cikin N da ESeries tare da ma'auni na dijital 5x, 6x, wanda za a sauƙaƙe, amma a lokaci guda rage girman samfurin samfurin daga N8x, N9x jerin. Abin da muke la'akari da fasahar da za a iya samuwa kawai a cikin manyan na'urori masu mahimmanci wanda ke nufin ɓangaren kasuwar fasaha za su kasance a cikin na'urori masu tsaka-tsaki.

        Nuni: QVGA zai kasance mafi girman ƙuduri don nan gaba. Duk da cewa dandamali yana goyan bayan manyan ƙudurin allo (HVGA, VGA), na ƙarshe zai kasance gata na na'urori na ɓangaren farashi mafi girma, kamar ESeries E8x, E9x communicators.

        Ayyuka: Kasancewar mai haɓaka 3D zai zama gama gari, gami da a cikin samfura inda za a ba da fifiko kan ayyukan caca (wakili na farko shine N93); Matsakaicin ƙudurin kyamarar wannan shekara zai zama 5MP a cikin na'urar da za a gabatar da ita a ranar 26-28 ga Satumba, hotunanta sun kasance a baya - wannan sildiri biyu ne, N95. Hard Drive kuma Nokia za ta yi amfani da ita a cikin na'urorin da suka dogara da S60, musamman, samfurin N91 wanda zai gaje shi zai bayyana a daidai lokacin da N95, ƙarfin rumbun kwamfutarka a wannan yanayin zai zama 10 GB.

        Har ila yau, ya kamata a lura da irin wannan gaskiyar mai ban sha'awa kamar yarjejeniya tare da Samsung Electronics don fadada samar da kwakwalwan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na NAND, wanda zai ba da damar ginawa daga lokacin rani na 2007 model tare da ginanniyar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya daga 1 zuwa 8 GB. Samsung, ta hanyar, yana shirin fara kera kwakwalwan kwamfuta 8GB a karshen wannan shekara kuma, ba shakka, ba zai tsaya nan ba. 16GB flash memory chips za su kasance a farkon 2007, kuma tare da ci gaba da haɗin gwiwa tare da Nokia, na'urorin na 2007-2008 za su yi alfahari da ƙarin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya. Hakanan za a ci gaba da amfani da rumbun kwamfyuta, amma har yanzu za a ba da fifiko kan amfani da ƙwaƙwalwar NAND.

        Gabaɗaya, tsammanin dandamali na S60 yana da haske sosai; a cikin kwata na uku na 2005, na'urorin da ke kan S60 sun mamaye 58% na kasuwar wayoyin hannu. A nan gaba, inganta kayan aikin wayoyin hannu na Symbian, da kara yin aiki kan samar da aikace-aikacen da ke kunshe da daidaitattun na'urori, da rage girma, da rage farashin ci gaba zai haifar da karuwar jama'a.

        Amma, kamar yadda aka ambata, gasar tana da ƙarfi sosai a yanzu kuma za ta ƙara ƙaruwa a nan gaba. Wasu manazarta sun yi hasashen Linux OS da Windows OS a matsayin kyakkyawar makoma mai haske da mamaye Symbian OS nan da 2010. Ainihin, ta hanyar ƙoƙarce-ƙoƙarcen masana'anta ne ɗaya ko wani tsarin aiki ke samun farin jini. Na'urorin Motorola na gaba (da kuma na'urori na kasuwannin kasar Sin) sun shahara saboda saurin gudu, rashin amfani da wutar lantarki da kuma wasu fa'idodi, amma, rashin alheri, sun bambanta a cikin mahimmancin da ke rufe ga mai amfani na ƙarshe.Na'urori a kan Windows Mobile 5.0 za su sami ra'ayi daban-daban a cikin 2007, gagarumin ci gaba na ayyukan tarho, goyon baya ga HSDPA, AKU-3. Har yanzu ba a samar da dandalin UIQ da yawa ba, kuma duk ya dogara da 'yan wasan da ke amfani da shi. Babban ƙera na'urorin UIQ shine SonyEricsson, kuma a nan gaba za mu iya ganin faɗaɗa kasuwar na'urorin UIQ saboda sanya su a sassa da yawa lokaci guda, ba tare da ba da fifiko na musamman kan ayyukan wayar hannu ba. Mun riga muna ganin misalan irin wannan matsayi - waɗannan su ne M600i, W950i.

        Halin yana da ban sha'awa sosai, kuma kawai lura da kasuwar wayoyin hannu da tsare-tsare na kamfanoni a cikin 2007 zai taimaka don ƙarin gano abubuwan da ke faruwa da haɓaka haɓakar manyan dandamali na wayoyin hannu da masu sadarwa.